Airbnb is donating more and more to municipalities. The tourist rental platform will have donated 148 million euros in tourist tax to French municipalities in 2022, an amount up 60% compared to the previous year, thanks to the recovery in tourism, she announced on Friday. From November 2021 to October 2022, the largest amounts of tourist tax were collected at Paris (24.3 million euros against 9.4 million in 2021), Marseille (2.8 million euros against 1.9 million), Nice (2.4 million euros against 1.2 million), specifies a statement. “These major cities thus benefit from the return of international travelers and major events, which again attract travelers to their territory”, underlines the platform which achieves in France its largest turnover in the world after the United States.
Nearly 30% of the tourist tax collected in France in 2022 was collected in rural municipalities with fewer than 3,500 inhabitants, i.e. a stable proportion – it was 29% in 2021. Airbnb indicates that it works “with Member States of the European Union and their tax authorities in order to automate the collection and payment of the tourist tax”. The platform also indicates that it communicates “the income of guests to the tax administration once a year since 2020” and provides municipalities, in accordance with the regulations in force, “detailed data on the stays made” via its site, since November. 2021.
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1% to 5% of the price excluding tax of the night per person
In France, the tourist tax is paid by the holidaymaker in addition to the price of accommodation to the landlord, the hotelier or the owner who then transfers it to the municipality. Its level, set by the communities, ranges from 1% to 5% of the price excluding tax of the night per person. Its revenues allow local authorities to have additional resources to develop the tourist offer in their territories. Many cities complain about the development of tourist accommodation via platforms like Airbnb or Booking, which they accuse of being the cause of a housing shortage for the population who live in these municipalities year-round, or of accentuating it.
The city of Paris, for example, has been scrapping for a long time against furnished tourist accommodation. After the big cities, more and more small or medium-sized towns in France have adopted rules to limit their expansion. In April 2022, European justice validated the obligation for tourist accommodation rental platforms to communicate information on transactions carried out to national tax authorities. The Court of Justice of the European Union based in Luxembourg had been seized of a dispute between the company Airbnb Ireland and Belgium.
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Tourist tax: the amount paid by Airbnb to French municipalities in 2022