Christmas is celebrated in much of the world
Christmas. Christmas (in Latin: nativites ‘birth’) is one of the most important holidays in Christianity, along with Easter. This solemnity, which commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem, is celebrated on December 25 in the Catholic Church, in the Anglican Church, in some Protestant communities and in most Orthodox Churches. In some of these traditions also the 24th, Christmas Eve (English: Christmas Eve, German: Heiligabend or Heiliger Abend) and the 26th (Second day of Christmas, zweiter Weihnachtsfeiertag or Stephanstag) are important parts of the Christmas party. On the other hand, it is celebrated on January 7 in other Orthodox Churches such as the Russian one or the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, which did not accept the reform made to the Julian calendar to pass to the calendar known as Gregorian, a name derived from its reformer, Pope Gregory XIII. . December 25 is a public holiday in many countries celebrated by millions of people around the world and also by large numbers of non-Christians. English speakers use the term Christmas, whose meaning is ‘mass (mass) of Christ’. In some Germanic languages, such as German, the festival is called Weihnachten, which means ‘consecrated night (s)’. The Christmas holidays are proposed, as the name suggests, to celebrate the Nativity (that is, the birth) of Jesus of Nazareth. Christmas begins a period called Christmas time, which ends with the solemnity of the Baptism of the Lord. Colloquially, the period that begins with Christmas and ends with the Epiphany of the Lord is also known as Easter. There are several theories about how Christmas was celebrated on December 25, which arise from different ways of investigating, according to some data acquaintances, on what date Jesus would have been born.
In 1223 San Francisco de Asís put together the first Christmas crib. The representation of the birth of Christ is a tradition of the Church that has more than eight centuries of history. It began with the Bethlehem of San Francisco de Asís in 1223, located in Greccio (Italy). Saint Francis was devoted to the Nativity of Christ and at Christmas 1223, when he was in the hermitage of Greccio, he felt the need to reproduce the mystery of the birth, requesting the authorization of Pope Honorius III. Saint Bonaventure (Juan de Fidanza 1217 – 1274), an Italian theologian and Cardinal, is the one who narrated this event of Saint Francis of Assisi: “Three years before his death, he (Francis) wanted to celebrate in Greccio the memory of the birth of the Child Jesus, and wished to do it with every possible solemnity, in order to increase the devotion of the faithful to a greater extent. So that the thing was not adjudged to mania for novelty, he first requested and obtained the permission of the Supreme Pontiff. “
In 1758 Halley’s Comet reappeared. The English astronomer Edmund Halley, had predicted his return in 1705 for the year 1757, a year earlier than expected, but could not verify his prediction since he had died in 1742.
Susana Rinaldi was born in 1935. She is an Argentine actress and tango singer. She worked as a professional actress in radio, television, film and theater, participating in works such as Private Lives by Noel Coward, Fuenteovejuna by Lope de Vega, “Los Físicos” by Friedrich Dürrenmatt, El Jardín de los cherry trees by Antón Chejov, ” Orpheus Descends “by Tennessee Williams and Summer Fools by Gregorio de Laferrère. He received recognition and several awards for his work, both from the press and the public. In 1969 he made his debut as a tango singer in the mythical La botica del angel in the San Telmo neighborhood, led by Eduardo Bergara Leumann, thus initiating a parallel career that was consecrating. His repertoire includes songs by Eladia Blázquez, Héctor Negro, Astor Piazzolla, María Elena Walsh and Chico Novarro among others.
In 1977 Charles Spencer Chaplin died. He was a British actor, comedian, composer, producer, screenwriter, director, writer and editor. He became very popular in the silent film thanks to the many films he made with his character Charlot, and is considered a symbol of humor and silent film.
In 1983 Joan Miró died. He was a Spanish painter, sculptor, engraver and ceramist. In his works he reflected his interest in the subconscious, in the “childish” and in the culture and traditions of Catalonia.
In 1989 Nicolae Ceausescu was executed. He was a Romanian communist politician, president of Romania and of the Romanian Council of State, dictator of the Romanian Socialist Republic from 1967 until his execution in 1989, and general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party in the period 1965-1989. in December 1989 Ceaușescu was overthrown after a popular uprising. Captured when he tried to flee the country with his wife Elena, both were tried by a military court on charges of genocide, subversion of the State through armed action against the people, destruction of the economy and national heritage, and embezzlement.2 4 Considered guilty, they were summarily executed after a media session in the courts of two hours televised throughout the country.
In 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigned and the Soviet Union disappeared. That day came to an end a reform process that began in 1985, with the ascent of Gorbachev to the general secretary of the CPSU, and that ended with the breakdown of the great communist state founded by Lenin in 1922.
In 2006 James Brown died. James Joseph Brown was an American soul and funk singer. A progenitor of funk music and an important figure in 20th century music and dance, he is often referred to by the honorific nicknames Godfather of Soul, “Mr. Dynamite” and “Brother Soul No. 1”.
In 2016 George Michael died. He was a British singer and songwriter of Cypriot origin. He won numerous music awards throughout his career, including three Brit Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, four Ivor Novello Awards, three American Music Awards, and a two-time Grammy Award.
In 2016 Eliseo Subiela died. He was an Argentine film director and screenwriter. He is recognized for his films Man Looking Southeast, Last Shipwreck Images and The Dark Side of the Heart, among others.
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Anniversary of December 25 in Argentina and the world