▷ Examples of NGOs » Definition, Sectors and Functions

There are many examples of Non-Governmental Organizations in every corner of the earth, people willing to dedicate time, energy and money to help others with less advantages in life. They can be national or international in nature and most seek a favorable change for humanity, whether in the environmental or Human Rights field. Below are some examples of NGOs that stand out for their history and social commitment.

Types of participation:
Activities, characteristics and examples of forms of participation (citizen, community…)

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Oxfam International

Oxfam is the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, a Privately funded international organization that provides development assistance and relief to impoverished and disaster-affected communities around the world.

It was formed in 1942 in England, with the aim of collecting resources for feeding children in Greece, a town at the time affected by the war.

The organization grew stronger with its aid to refugees in the years after World War II and in the 1960s changed its goal to improve agriculture and food production in the world’s poorest countries. With a network of field directors abroad, he carried out productive projects, providing labor and training to indigenous peoples.

It is currently a federation with 17 organizations in countries such as Australia, India, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, some NGOs in Mexico and its functions, among others; that have collaborated in emergencies for areas affected by droughts, floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters, as well as to find global solutions to poverty, wars, chronic unemployment or other conditions that prevent self-sufficiency.

CARE International

It is the Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere, formerly the Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe and the Cooperative for American Remittances Everywhere; an international relief and development organization operating in 35 countries.

Formed in 1945 as an American and Canadian organization to help rebuild war-torn Western Europe.

With the help of governments for financing and self-help programs, CARE organizes projects related to land management, soil conservation, food distribution, nutrition and nutrition education. Since 1962, CARE’s services have also included the Organization for International Medical Cooperation, which provides training to remote rural health care workers.

Save the Children

Originally Save The Children Fund, it is an international foundation made up of independent voluntary organizations that seek to provide help to disadvantaged children in the world and in cases of disaster.

It was born in 1919 at the initiative of Eglantyne Jebb and her sister Dorothy Buxton, in Great Britain, in order to help hungry children in Austria and Germany, during the blockade maintained after the end of the First World War.

This organization remains alert to the needs of infants worldwide and guarantees medical attention to the child population, as well as assistance in nutrition and in family and community self-management plans.

After the Save the Children Fund was founded, similar groups arose in other countries, such as the United States, which in 1979 formed the Save the Children Alliance to coordinate their relief efforts. By the 21st century, it comprised some 30 national groups operating in some 120 countries, relying primarily on private charitable contributions for funding.

WWF International

It is the name of the World Wide Fund for Nature or World Wide Fund for Nature, it is a International NGO dedicated to conserving the environment.

It emerged in 1960 at the proposal of a community of British naturalists, including the biologist Sir Julian Huxley, the artist Peter Scott and the ornithologists Guy Mountfort and Max Nicholson; in order to care for animal species in danger of extinction as well as their environment. Scott created the organization’s distinctive panda logo.

Its mission and what the NGO is, is to dedicate itself to the preservation of global biological diversity, monitor the sustainability of renewable natural resources and encourage actions that minimize pollution and unnecessary spending.

It develops programs focused on individual species, forests and aquatic spaces, as well as climate change. It also contributes to guarantee safe and sustainable spaces for the people, with the provision of clean water, clean air, healthy food and rewarding recreational areas.

WWF works in joint action with the World Conservation Union; the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union, directing resources in conservation plans, what the NGO does. It is present in more than 100 countries with more than 90 offices around the world.

greenpeace

It is an international NGO dedicated to caring for animals in danger of extinction, preventing environmental abuse and raising awareness through direct confrontation campaigns against polluting companies and governments.

Born in 1971, in opposition to nuclear tests on Amchitka Island, Alaska.

According to the meaning of NGOs, at first he had the help of ecologically conscious people for his campaigns to protect whales and seals in danger of extinction from hunting, also in other projects for the cessation of the dumping of toxic and radioactive chemical waste in the sea and the cessation of nuclear weapons tests.

Their direct action strategy to achieve their objectives is classified as dangerous and dramatic, as was the case of using small inflatable boats among the whalers’ harpoons; and the clogging of industrial pipes that discharge toxic waste into the oceans and the atmosphere. These risky activities by Greenpeace received extensive media coverage and helped with their influence to minimize these environmentally destructive practices.

At the same time, to achieve its goals, it supports the decisions on environmental control issued by local and international regulatory bodies.

Human Rights Watch

Former Helsinki Watch, is one of the international non-governmental organizations that investigates and documents human rights violations and advocates for policies to prevent abuses.

In 1978 as Helsinki Watch it monitored the accession of the Soviet Union to the Helsinki Accords. In 1988 it adopted its current name with headquarters in New York City.

Among NGO organizations, it conducts investigations of human rights abuses and monitors various countries to ensure they do not violate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), which outlines fundamental civil, social, and political rights.

The group uses the media coverage generated by its annual World Report to hold human rights violators accountable for their actions and pressure them to reform.

Causes related to the group have covered issues such as abortion rights, gay rights, child labor, war crimes and human trafficking; he has also collaborated in campaigns to stop the use of child soldiers and to ban landmines.

UNICEF

It is the acronym for the United Nations Children’s Fund, former International Emergency Fund for Children of the United Nations, a special program of the United Nations (UN) designed to promote the health, nutrition, education and general well-being of children. kids .

One of the global institutions that was created in 1946 to ensure support for children in countries affected by World War II.

Another example of non-profit entities that direct their efforts to programs to improve the well-being of children in less developed countries or in emergency situations. For this, she was deserving in 1965, the Nobel Peace Prize.

His social work is seen in the lives of disadvantaged children, specifically in the prevention and treatment of diseases, as well as other examples of NGOs in Mexico. Promotes child immunization projects and prevention of the spread of HIV; it also contributes resources to provide medical, educational and other services.

Guided by the NGO concept and its functions, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), and funded by government and private contributions.

Doctors without borders

Doctors Without Borders or Doctors Without Borders is another NGO humanitarian organization that provides medical care to people in danger, whether due to political violence or natural disasters. By its initiative it is one of the most important organizations in the world.

Founded in 1971 by 13 doctors and journalists dissatisfied with the benefits that were voluntarily offered to the most vulnerable population on the planet.

They especially go to towns that lack access to medical treatment, work for which they deserved the Nobel Peace Prize in 1999. Doctors Without Borders believe in the Human Right of every citizen in danger, to receive medical care and in the duty to denounce any related injustice.

In 1972, they excelled in helping the victims of an earthquake in Nicaragua. From this, one of the examples of international NGOs, they emerged in other important missions, among them the attention to the victims of the combats in Lebanon in 1976, Afghanistan in 1980 and the Russian republic of Chechnya in 1995. They continue in their eagerness to reduce famine, provide medical care to war victims and support for refugees in various countries.

In 2003 they co-founded the Drugs for Neglected Diseases organization, in charge of creating drugs for diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS. It works in almost 80 countries.

Amnesty International (AI)

It is an international non-governmental organization that denounces government and other entity violations of the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, especially against freedom of expression and the right against torture.

The last of the examples of non-profit companies, was born in London on May 28, 1961.

He defends the release of political prisoners and help for their families. It also works with human rights bodies to expand and enforce human rights protections in international law. He wins in 1977 the Nobel Peace Prize for his work according to the definition of NGO.

Today the organization has national offices in more than 50 countries and some three million individual members, donors and affiliated activists in more than 150 countries and territories.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

This international non-governmental organization was initially known as the League of Red Cross Societies and until 1991, the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

It appeared in 1919 as a link between the national societies of the Red Cross, which carried out extensive activities, as well as mediating the humanitarian work of the Red Crescent in areas without conflict.

However, it also cares for victims of natural disasters such as hurricanes and other man-made tragedies such as famine. Its activities include first aid, accident prevention, water safety, training of nursing assistants and mothers’ aides, and maintenance of maternal and child welfare centers and medical clinics, blood banks, and many other services.

The Red Cross is the name used in countries under nominally Christian patronage, while the Red Crescent is used in Muslim countries. The federation won the 1963 Nobel Peace Prize together with the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Since this social term was introduced by the United Nations in 1945, thousands of examples of Non-Governmental Organizations spread throughout the planet with the common goal of improving the quality of life of its inhabitants. For example, there are many types of NGOs in Mexico and examples of NGOs in Latin America that address the problems of underdevelopment, often supported by renowned international groups that have their roots in first world countries and vast experience in charitable causes.

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▷ Examples of NGOs » Definition, Sectors and Functions