This year, the cultural world was shaken by the loss of some great figures in the field of literature and art. Among the most recent, we remember the Mexican plastic artist and muralist Rafael Cauduro (1950-2022) who passed away on December 4, at the age of 72.
The Mexican sculptor Federico Silva (1923 – 2022) died at dawn on November 30, the same day that his retrospective exhibition “Federico Silva: fight and brotherhood, the triumph of rebellion” was inaugurated at the Palace of Fine Arts. This exhibition, which pays tribute to the artist, can be visited until next March (2023).
The painter and engraver Francisco Castro Leñero (1954-2022), died on October 24 at the age of 68, due to complications from pulmonary fibrosis, a disease he had suffered for months. His work is part of numerous collections, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tamayo Museum of Contemporary Art, the Jumex Foundation, the José Luis Cuevas Museum and the Contemporary Art Cultural Center.
Also in October died the poet, editor, essayist and translator 2022: a year n that poetry David Huerta (1949-2022), at 72 years of age; the architect, sculptor, teacher and set designer, Fernando González Gortázar (1942-2022) at 79 years of age; the writer and translator, Javier Raya (1985-2022), 35 years old; and the centennial artisan, María Salud Ramírez Caballero (1913-2022), internationally known for having been emulated in the film Coco.
Eduardo Lizalde, the tiger (1929-2022), who marked contemporary poetry in Mexico, died in May, at the age of 93.
A few days ago, on December 17, at the age of 85, the Brazilian novelist, short story writer and essayist, Nélida Piñón (1937-2022), winner of the FIL Awards for Literature in Romance Languages, died in a hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. 1995 and Prince of Asturias 2005.
The Spanish writer Javier Marías (1951-2022) died in September, at the age of 70, in a hospital in Madrid where he was admitted due to a complication of a lung condition.
Bruno Latour (1947-2022), French sociologist, philosopher and anthropologist, whose thought has been key in contemporary ecology, died at the age of 65.
Ana Luísa Amaral (1956-2022), one of the most prominent current voices in Portugal, died in August, at the age of 66, after a long illness and the British writer and illustrator David Mckee, creator of the elephant “Elmer” died in April , at 87 years of age; among many other personalities of international literature.
It is also worth remembering the attack against the British writer Salman Rushdie, because, although it did not result in death, it was a violent event against freedom of expression that marked the literary field this year: 33 years after being sentenced to death by the regime from Iran, for his novel “The Satanic Verses”, the writer was stabbed to death in New York, at the age of 75. US media reported his recovery and the Islamic Republic of Iran denied having any link to the attacker.
On the other hand, it was also a year in which talents were revealed and the trajectories of people who continue to contribute their creations to the world were recognized.
Through the Crónica Awards, this newspaper recognized virologist Susana López Charretón, in Science and Technology; the sociologist Carlos Martínez Assad, in Academia; the linguist Luis Fernando Lara Ramos, in Culture; and the State University of Mexico, in Public Communication.
In addition to the internationally renowned Nobel Prize for Literature, which this year went to the French writer Annie Ernaux (Lillebonne, France, 82 years old), the Cervantes Prize for Literature went to the Uruguayan Cristina Peri Rossi.
In Mexico, the Romanian poet and essayist, Mircea Cãrtãrescu won the FIL Prize for Literature in Romance Languages 2022 and Pilar Cabrera Fonte won the Juan Rulfo Fine Arts Prize for First Novel 2022.
In other fields, the dancer, choreographer, teacher and director Bernardo Benítez (Michoacán, 1943) won the XXXV José Limón National Contemporary Dance Award 2022 and the INAH 2022 Awards recognized 52 academic works in the different anthropological sciences, in the field of restoration and conservation of cultural heritage, as well as museography and museum research.
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2022, the year in which poetry fired two of its greats: Eduardo Lizalde and David Huerta