On December 23, 1919, several earthquakes in Mexico caused more than 7,000 deaths and on the same day in 1972, a series of seismic movements of great intensity destroyed the Nicaraguan capital, Managua, and caused the death of 10,000 people.
Other ephemeris of December 23:
1753.- The New Coliseum, later the Principal Theater, is inaugurated in Mexico.
1888.-The Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts his left ear with a knife after an argument with Paul Gaugin.
1906.- Award of the King of Spain, Alfonso XIII, by which the border dispute between Honduras and Nicaragua is resolved, until 1912.
1909.- Albert I is crowned King of Belgium.
1922.-BBC Radio begins broadcasting its daily newscasts.
1930.- American actress Bette Davis begins her career in Hollywood with a contract from the Universal Studios production company.
1947.- The operation of the transistor is successfully shown at Bell Laboratories, in New Jersey.
1948.- The National Bank of Cuba is created by law as the central bank of the State, with organic autonomy, independent legal personality and its own assets.
1948.- World premiere at the Royal Opera House in London of the ballet “Cinderella” with choreography by Frederick Asthon.
1970.- The Bolivian government frees French writer Régis Debray, who fought alongside Ernesto Ché Guevara in a failed attempt to organize a peasant revolt in 1967.
1975.-The People’s Revolutionary Army (ERP) attacks a battalion of Army arsenals in the Buenos Aires town of Monte Chingolo. 6 soldiers and 85 guerrillas die.
1985.- The Medina of Marrakech is declared a universal heritage.
1986.- The Nobel Peace Prize winner and “father” of the hydrogen bomb, Andrei Sakharov, exiled in Gorky, returns to Moscow after the authorization of the Soviet President, Mikhail Gorbachev.
1990.- Slovenia votes in favor of the gradual separation of the Yugoslav Federation.
1995.- A place where a school festival was held in the Indian city of Dabwali burns down and 530 people die, most of them minors.
1997.- Sony launches the best-selling PlayStation video game in Japan: Gran Turismo
2002.- The US justice orders Microsoft to include the programmatic language Java in its Windows operating system.
2002.- “March of the Torches”, in which the anti-Chavistas walk from seven different points in Caracas, while the general strike continues with serious effects on the Venezuelan oil industry.
2004.- First municipal elections in the West Bank since 1976, prelude to the presidential elections of 2005.
2005.- The Korean scientist Hwang Woo-suk resigns after the Seoul National University confirmed that he manipulated the data of the supposed cloning of human embryos.
2008.- The Army of Guinea Conakry dissolves the Government due to the death (the day before) of President Lansana Conté, in power since 1984.
2014.- Ukraine renounces its non-aligned state status to join NATO.
2019.- Saudi Arabia condemns five people to death for the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, but acquits the main defendants.
2019.- The Argentine Justice revokes the order of preventive detention on Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, for the signing in 2013 of a memorandum of understanding between the nation and Iran.
December 23 births
245 AD.-Queen Zenobia of Palmyra (Syria)
1790.- Jean-Francois Champollion, French Egyptologist.
1881.- Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish poet, 1956 Nobel Prize winner.
1887.- Victorio Macho, Spanish sculptor.
1896.- Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian writer, author of El gatopardo.
1910.- María de las Mercedes de Borbón y Orleans, Countess of Barcelona.
1916.- Dino Rissi, Italian film director.
1918.- Helmut Schmidt, former German Chancellor.
1933.- Akihito, former emperor of Japan.
1943.- Silvia Sommerlath, Queen of Sweden.
1967.- Carla Bruni, Italian-French ex-model and singer.
December 23 deaths
1972.- Andrei Tupolev, Russian aeronautical designer and builder.
1979.- Peggy Guggenheim, American collector and patron.
1996.- María Cristina de Borbón y Battemberg, Infanta of Spain.
1998.- Jorge Vieira, Portuguese sculptor.
2006.- Robert Fabre, leader of French left-wing radicalism in the 70s.
2007.- Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist.
2009.- Ike Aharonovitch, captain of the ship ‘Exodus’ that transported thousands of Jews to Palestine.
2013.- Mikhail Kalashnikov, father of the legendary AK-47 rifle.
2019.- Ahmed Gaïd Salah, general of the Algerian Army.
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Anniversary of December 23: the most important events of a day like today