Luis Alberto García / Moscow, Russia
* Banned, isolated and censored, he defeated the Kremlin.
* Political and ideological reasons involved.
* Main impediments to ignore it.
* Major achievements in poetry and epic tradition.
* It was considered that there were anti-Soviet tones.
* Iván Bunin stood out in 1933 and left Russia.
After Borís Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, the Soviet authorities launched a harsh campaign against the writer and forced him to reject the prestigious award, isolating and vetoing him in every way, even after his death in 1960. .
Pasternak was a great Russian poet and translator, who obtained international recognition for his novel Doctor Zhivago, which recounts the difficulties and tragedies that occurred before, during and after the Russian civil war, which divided families and destroyed many homes in a nation that was dragging evils. and unimaginable tragedies.
He was nominated for the Nobel Prize nine times, including three in 1958 alone, until the Swedish Award Committee presented him with the prestigious award “for his important achievements both in contemporary poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition.”
Doctor Zhivago, his great literary work, was the main reason for awarding him the award, despite the fact that the novel had been published for the first time in Italian, as the original was surreptitiously delivered to the publisher Giacomo Feltrinelli.
Before Pasternak, the only Russian to have received the Nobel Prize had been Ivan Bunin in 1933, who had already emigrated from the country and had no problem collecting the highest award for universal letters.
In the Soviet Union, many people took the awarding of the award negatively for the novel’s anti-Soviet tone, to such an extent that some critics called for Pasternak to be stripped of Soviet nationality.
As a result of the harassment campaign, Pasternak had to renounce the award, but not before causing a worldwide scandal, despite his calm and collected nature and demeanor.
Borís Pasternak, one of the most emblematic poets and writers of the ХХ century in Russia, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958, although he could not collect it for fundamentally political reasons.
Borís Pasternak was born into a family of artists, whose father, Leonid Pasternak, was a famous painter and professor at the Saint Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts.
He was also a master of book illustration: he drew illustrations for the books of Mikhail Lermontov and for the novels of Lev Tolstoy, who personally examined his work.
Works by Leonid Pasternak are preserved in museums around the world, and his mother, Rosalía Pasternak, was a famous pianist and music teacher.
Pasternak’s famous novel was banned in his country for more than three decades, and the writer had to hand over the manuscript to a Western European publisher for the book to be published for the first time in Italy in 1957.
As a political ingredient, the US government recently declassified a document confirming the participation of its intelligence agencies in the dissemination of the novel.
It was until 1958 when Borís Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, which he had to resign under pressure from the government, which was made unbearable by his political trials.
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Borís Pasternak Nobel Prize – Almomento | News, national and international information