Canada must recognize its role in the development of the atomic bomb

Article originally published in Beyond Nuclear International.

Toronto resident Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, has called on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to recognize Canada’s active role in developing the atomic bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945. She calls for for the Prime Minister to declare his regret for the deaths and suffering inflicted on the two cities; and for Canada to finally sign the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Her actions and this article are courtesy of Anton Wagner and the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Day Coalition. The full text appears in your Web pagewhich he sent to Justin Trudeau along with a letter.

When Thurlow sent in his request, it was three weeks before the 75th anniversary of the first American atomic test in the New Mexico desert on July 16, 1945. It was made of plutonium, and it was a weapon much like the one would launch on Nagasaki. Hiroshima was destroyed by a bomb made from uranium. By the end of 1945, more than 140,000 people had died in the bombing of Hiroshima, of which Thurlow was a victim at the age of 13. Another 70,000 people died in Nagasaki.

By the end of 1945, more than 140,000 people had died in the bombing of Hiroshima, of which Thurlow was a victim at the age of 13. Another 70,000 people died in Nagasaki.

Thurlow accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons in 2017. The Treaty became law in January 2021 after 50 countries signed it. Canada, along with the other NATO countriesopposed its ratification at all times.

In his article addressed to Justin Trudeau, Thurlow noted the Canadian government’s takeover of Eldorado Gold Mines Limited by Mackenzie King in 1942 in exchange for nearly $5 million (equivalent to $75.5 million in 2021). The company was officially nationalized in January 1944. The Port Hope refinery in Ontario refined the Canadian and Congolese uranium that would be used in the Manhattan Project to produce the first nuclear weapons of history

Under the direction of CD Howe, the Minister of Munitions and Supplies, the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company in Trail, BC also collaborated with the Manhattan Project in November 1942 to produce heavy waternecessary for the production of plutonium.

In August 1943, Mackenzie King hosted President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Quebec, where they signed the Quebec Agreement as part of their plans to jointly develop the atomic bomb. CD Howe represented Canada on the committee that coordinated the joint investigation of the three countries. In his diary, Mackenzie King claimed that the Quebec Agreement made “Canada a part of development [de las bombas atómicas].”

In his diary, Mackenzie King stated that the Quebec Agreement made “Canada a part of the development [de las bombas atómicas]”

The National Research Council of Canada played an important role during the Manhattan Project and the investigation of British scientists. In April 1944, King’s war cabinet approved a budget of $4 million ($60 million in 2021) and $750,000 ($11 million in 2021) to cover the cost of designing and operating the nuclear reactors at Montréal and Chalk River, Ont. His discoveries about the production of plutonium in the Manhattan Project would later be used.

The Canadian federal government has accepted responsibility for low-level uranium waste at Port Hope, Ontario. He’s paying over a billion to clean up more than a million and a half cubic meters of radioactive waste, both there and in Port Granby through Natural Resources Canada and Atomic Energy Canada Ltd., in conjunction with the country’s nuclear laboratories. This process has been licensed by the Canadian regulator, the Nuclear Safety Commission.

The federal government is only cleaning part of the “historical” waste that Eldorado Nuclear abandoned in Puerto Esperanza until 1988, when the Crown Company was privatized, renaming itself Cameco, the world’s second largest producer of uranium. The federal government has rejected any responsibility for cancers and diseases resulting from uranium contamination in both Puerto Radio and Puerto Esperanza.

Setsuko Thurlow earned a master’s degree in social work from the University of Toronto in 1960, where she received an honorary doctorate in 2019. She has organized atomic bomb commemorations in the Toronto area since 1975, when David Cromble was mayor. In 2018, her testimony to city officials led to Toronto being declared a nuclear-weapon-free zone, requesting the federal government to sign the treaty for its prohibition.

Thurlow’s request to Justin Trudeau has been supported by the Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, the Pugwash Group, the Coalition for Nuclear Liability, Women’s Voice for Peace, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Day Coalition. , Science for Peace, International Physicists for the Prevention of Nuclear War and the Ploughshares Project.

Douglas Roche, former Canadian senator and ambassador for nuclear disarmament, stated that “Setsuko Thurlow’s important letter to Prime Minister Trudeau should be distributed to all parliamentarians, senators and civil society leaders”.

Translation by Raúl Sánchez Saura.

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Canada must recognize its role in the development of the atomic bomb