Caribbean, land in resistance • Workers

For the Nobel Prize winner for Literature Gabriel García Márquez, the Caribbean is the center of gravity of the incredible, of that “real marvelous” that distinguishes a region that, “in fact, extends (from the north) to the south of the United States United States, and south to Brazil. It is not an expansionist delusion, he specified: “the Caribbean is not just a geographical area, as geographers of course believe, but a very homogeneous cultural area.”

Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez together with Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves, of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, on a tour of the Medical and Diagnostic Center, a modern health institution built in Georgetown, the result of cooperation and friendship. Cuban health collaborators work in it together with San Vicentino colleagues. Photo: Taken from @DiazCanelB

Another scholar, the Costa Rican writer Quince Duncan defines the Caribbean as “more than a sea”; while the Puerto Rican expert Antonio Gaztambide Geige assures that, as a concept, the Caribbean is an invention of the 20th century.

Norman Girvan, prominent intellectual and first President of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), reports that “the notion of the Caribbean has been —and is being— continually redefined and reinterpreted, based on the interest in offering responses to external influences and internal processes.

For many of the cited authors, in this space “movement, exodus, diaspora, detachment and the most subtle identity, forged, lived, intrinsic, cooked under the burning Caribbean sun, like that dense broth of civilization” are frequent. that bubbles —as Fernando Ortiz said—, in the Caribbean stove”.

The shared traits are the result of a culture of resistance to the vicissitudes of history and also of Nature. The latter would seem to have been ruthless in fragmenting the region into small islands or portions of emerged land, when in fact it granted it a powerful, willful, and warm sea that constitutes its main asset.

Integration is then presented as a yearning and need to cooperate intensely and for a long time around economic, political, cultural and social relations. But this process has been bumpy, with endogenous and exogenous difficulties.

Some difficulties are due to the very structure of the organizations created, and others to the inability of the leaders to weave networks that solve basic problems in the region, such as the training of human resources; transportation, connectivity and mobility; as well as the construction of a robust response system to climate change and disaster mitigation, among others.

Of significant importance have also been the obstacles placed by powers that for several centuries have dominated the region (United States and former European metropolises), with interests rooted in the region and to whom the idea of ​​an atomized Caribbean agrees.

Among the integration projects undertaken, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Caribbean Community (Caricom) stand out.

Cuba maintains excellent relations with all of them, and the latter has special affection, to the point of having Caricom-Cuba Day on its calendar of celebrations, a date (December 8) that commemorates that authentic cry for independence of Barbados. , Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Jamaica in 1972, when they decided to establish diplomatic relations with the Greater Antilles, despite the fact that the United States insisted on isolating it from the world and, particularly, from its geographical and cultural environment.

A recent tweet from Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez reminds us of the fact: “Do you remember when the United States and the Organization of American States (OAS) forced all of Latin America to break with Cuba and we were left with only Mexico? Fifty years ago, four newly independent Caribbean nations changed that story. To commemorate it, we will be in Barbados this 12/6/22 ”, he wrote on the social network and with this confirmed his presence at the VIII Caricom-Cuba Summit scheduled for tomorrow.

Despite multiple setbacks, Caricom has managed to build consensus that strengthens its Caribbean identity, increases its bargaining power, and consolidates that of collective action. Frequently the 14 Member States vote en bloc in international forums, which represents, for example, 7.25% of the nations that make up the UN, 40% of the Organization of American States and 14% of the Pan American Organization. Of the health.

Added to the Caribbean culture of resistance, here is the certainty that, as Díaz-Canel said in 2018, “we are small nations facing colossal challenges.”

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Caribbean, land in resistance • Workers