This Thursday, May 19, a group of renowned intellectuals, including the American philosopher Noam Chomsky, the Indian writer Vandana Shiva, the Portuguese sociologist Boaventura de Sousa Santos, and the Canadian journalist Noemi Klein, expressed their support for the proposal of energy transition of the opposition leader and presidential candidate, Gustavo Petro, and his formula, Francia Márquez.
Through a letter, the 27 intellectuals, among whom are professors, economists, writers, and philosophers, pointed out that for more than a hundred years Colombia has actively promoted the extraction of hydrocarbons, achieving fifth place in coal exploitation worldwide and the production of up to one million barrels of oil per day, however, with the reduction of reserves, exploitation has been sought through the hydraulic fracturing technique.
“The extraction of fossil fuels in Colombia has been a source of pollution (affecting valuable ecosystems in the second most biodiverse country in the world), corruption, cultural erosion and socio-environmental conflicts, leading to violence, intimidation and murders of defenders of the environment. The need to overcome this condition, the result of decades of investment in an extractive economy, also implies heeding the call of the historical moment, decisive both in environmental and climate matters, by rethinking our relationship with energy through an energy transition that leaves behind hydrocarbons”, indicated the signatories.
Given this, they expressed that they were “positively” struck by the transition proposal presented by the leftist movement of the Historical Pact, headed by the senator and the Afro-Colombian activist, who lead the voting opinion polls in the country, especially against the gradual de-escalation of economic dependence on oil and coal.
Likewise, they highlighted proposals such as the prohibition of the exploration and exploitation of unconventional deposits, the halting of pilot projects of fracking and the development of deposits in deep waters, and in turn, highlighted the idea of allocating the extraction of the current reserves in the country for internal consumption “under technical and socioeconomic criteria that allow greater efficiency in its use and a higher rate of energy return.
In this sense, they highlighted that these proposals promote a “gradual, fair and with sufficient safeguards transition for the economic and labor sectors that today depend on the extraction of fossil fuels”, explaining that this commitment would not only have an impact on the energy matrix in the country, but in the opportunity to promote economic diversification and decentralization in the country.
“We welcome this proposal, and invite you to support the design and implementation of a public policy for a fair, viable and solid socio-ecological transition, which, based on the planned reduction in dependence on fossil fuels, becomes an example for the region and the world that promotes the construction of a new paradigmfinally leaving fossil fuels in the subsoil”, indicated the intellectuals of different nationalities.
Finally, they pointed out that this energy commitment would promote other sources of income, many of them focused on the country’s biodiversity, which would allow the generation of “dignified living conditions” for a large number of the inhabitants, especially ethnic peoples such as “indigenous, peasants, Afro-Colombians, victims of the armed conflict and energy megaprojects.”
“This path It would place the country at the forefront of the effective climate fight and would provide the necessary conditions to protect its valuable ecosystems, essential for the preservation of life in the country and on the planet.”, concluded the intellectuals.
The list of intellectuals who support the candidates of the Historical Pact is made up of:
Vandana ShivaInternational Forum on Globalization and Navdanya Movement, India
Boaventura de Sousa Santosprofessor emeritus Center for Social Studies U. de Coimbrano, Portugal
Naomi Kleinjournalist, writer and activist, Canada
Omar Masera Ceruti, Nobel Peace Prize 2007 as part of the IPCC, researcher at the Institute for Research in Ecosystems and Sustainability, UNAMno, Mexico
Rita Segatto, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology National University of Brasiliano, Brazil
Joan Martinez Alierecological economist, ICTA-Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Arthur Escobar, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Colombia
Aviva Chomsky, professor Dept. of History Salem State University Massachusetts, USA
Noam ChomskyProfessor Emeritus MIT and U. of Arizona, USA
maristella svampaprofessor of Sociology National University of La Plata, Argentina
Bill McKibbenwriter, environmentalist and co-founder of 350, USA
Tasneem EssopDirector Climate Action Network International, International
Kim Stanley Robinsonwriter, Hugo Award winner, USA
Nora CortinasMothers of Plaza de Mayo – Founding Line, Argentina
jason hickelprofessor Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology Autonomous University of Barcelona
Lidy Napil, Asia Pacific Movement on Debt and Development coordinator, Philippines
Ashish Kotharifounder of Kalpaviksh, India
Miriam LangProfessor of Political Ecology U. Andina Simón Bolívar, Ecuador
Albert Acosta, Minister of Energy and Mines (2007) President Constituent Assembly (2007-2008), Ecuador
Tzeporah Bermanco-founder Global Gas and Oil Network, Adjunct Professor University of York, USA
Henry Leff, professor Institute of Social Research UNAM, Mexico
Veronica Gago, professor Dept. Of Social Sciences University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Kumi NaidooAfricans Rising for Justice, Peace and Dignity, South Africa
Victor ToledoInstitute for Ecosystem and Sustainability Research UNAM, Mexico
Frederick DemariaProfessor of Ecological Economics Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Luca Ferrarico-coordinator of the National Strategic Program for Energy and Climate Change, Mexico
avi lewisjournalist and documentary filmmaker, Canada
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Chomsky and Sousa Santos lead a group of intellectuals who support Gustavo Petro’s energy transition