World Science and Technology Day. It was established in 1982 by the General Conference of Unesco in honor of the birth of Dr. Bernardo Houssay (1887). He was the first Argentine and Latin American to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1947 for his research in Physiology and Medicine, specifically on the role of the hypophysis or pituitary gland in the regulation of the amount of sugar in the blood through the metabolism of the carbohydrates. Houssay’s discoveries continue to be an example for researchers around the world to continue working on the advancement of science, as a means to improve the quality of life for all human beings.
Researcher’s Day. It is the day of the birth of Dr. Bernardo Houssay (1887-1971), an eminent Argentine scientist and an important figure in the development of science in the country. In it he won the National Prize for Sciences in 1923, he founded the Institute of Physiology and in 1944 he created the Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine-IBYME.
In 1847 Joseph Pulitzer was born. He was born in Hungary, April 10, 1847 and died in the United States. He was a publisher, known for his competition with William Randolph Hearst, who originated the so-called yellow press, and for the journalism awards that bear his name, the Pulitzer.
In 1871 Lucio Mansilla died. He was an Argentine soldier, surveyor and politician who stood out in the War of Independence, the Brazilian War and, especially, in the Paraná War. Although he died during the yellow fever epidemic, he had not been infected with that disease.
In 1882 the first Pedagogical Congress was inaugurated in Buenos Aires. It was the first supra-regional congress held in our Continent. Representatives from the United States, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Uruguay attended. Chile and Peru, locked in a war, were absent.
In 1886 Mariano Castex was born. He came from a family of doctors and became one of the most outstanding Argentine doctors of the 20th century. He obtained his medical degree from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires around 1910.
In 1887 Bernardo Houssay was born. He was an Argentine doctor, professor and pharmacist. For his discoveries about the role of pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of sugar in the blood (glucose), he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1947, being the the first distinguished Latin American in Science (Carlos Saavedra Lamas, also an Argentine, had won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1936). scientific ages. His capital work, repeatedly translated, is entitled Human Physiology. Bernardo Alberto Houssay was born in Buenos Aires on April 10, 1887 into a family of French immigrants. He was a student prodigy. He graduated from high school at the age of 13, at the National College of Buenos Aires (CNBA); at 17 he graduated as a pharmacist and at 23 he became a doctor. He worked at the National Bacteriological Institute (today, the Malbrán Institute), directing the Serum Department and participated in the national campaign on viper antidotes in different provinces of the country. At the Institute he met Dr. Salvador Mazza and Dr. María Angélica Catán. He participated in the creation of the Institute of Physiology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) and was appointed full professor of the Chair of Physiology, a space that he converted into the modern research center Dr. Houssay Institute. He established a great camaraderie with Dr. Carlos Chagas, from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro. In 1922 he received the National Science Prize for his work Physiological action of pituitary extracts, where there are indications of the investigations that earned him the Nobel Prize. In 1934 he promoted the creation of the Argentine Association for the Progress of Sciences (AAPC) in order to obtain adequate funding for scientists to develop their research with more time and more precise results. In 1945 he published the Human Physiology treatise, co-authored with prominent figures from his work teams such as Eduardo Braun Menéndez, Virgilio G. Foglia, Oscar Orías, Luis F. Leloir, Juan T. Lewis and Enrique Hug. The publication, which included articles and illustrations on general physiology, was translated into several languages, including French, English, Portuguese and Italian, a very important fact for Argentine scientific dissemination. The publication of this treatise gave Houssay international recognition and on October 23, 1947 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. His research and discoveries on the role of the pituitary gland in regulating the amount of sugar in the blood were essential to understanding diabetes. One of his greatest disciples was Luis F. Leloir, Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1970. A Nobel Prize trained another Nobel, both Argentine scientists. In 1958, the creation of the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), as a national research center, and through this body the position of research with exclusive dedication, is a fundamental fact for the country. He died on September 21, 1971 in Buenos Aires. “The rich countries are rich because they dedicate money to scientific-technological development, and the poor countries continue to be so because they don’t. Science is not expensive, expensive is ignorance. pointed.
In 1919 Emiliano Zapata was assassinated. Also known as El Caudillo del Sur or El Atila del Sur, he was a Mexican peasant and military man who participated in the Revolution of his country as commander of the Liberation Army of the South. Zapata positioned himself as one of the main revolutionary leaders from the presidency of Francisco Madero in 1911, until his assassination in 1919, on the orders of Venustiano Carranza, politician, military man and businessman, and Mexican president (1917-1921). He is considered a symbol of peasant struggle and resistance. He was an ideologue and promoter of social struggles, as well as social justice, freedom, equality, social democracy, communal land ownership and respect for the indigenous, peasant and worker communities of Mexico.
In 1931 Kahlil Gibran (Jibrán) died. He was a Lebanese poet, painter, novelist and essayist. He is known as the poet of exile. Yibrán’s best-known book is The profitcomposed of 26 poetic essays.
In 1932 Omar Shariff was born. Michel Demitri Chalhoub, known as Omar Sharif, was an Egyptian actor of Syrian descent who, after beginning his career in his country in the 1950s, became famous for his British and American films, notably Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago and Funny Girl.
In 1934 Cecilia Grierson died. She was a teacher, philanthropist and the first Argentine doctor. As a teenager she had to work as a primary teacher to help her family; She subsequently achieved the qualifying title of that profession. Later, the illness and death of a friend of hers awakened her vocation to be a doctor. She managed to graduate and practice the profession despite being a woman, an almost insurmountable impediment at the time. She worked as an obstetrician and kinesiologist, specialties in which she built an extensive career and came to publish specific books on the subject. She did not manage, however, to work as a surgeon, despite being the first woman to obtain a qualifying title.
In 1954 Auguste Marie Lumiere died. He was a French industrial engineer and biologist, a pioneer of humoral and illusionist medicine. During the years 1894-1895, he participated with his brother Louis in the invention of a camera and animated photographic projection, the Cinematograph, which achieved worldwide success.
In 1960 Claudia Piñeiro was born. She is an Argentine writer, screenwriter, playwright and accountant. Her first published novel of hers was a juvenile, a thief among usin 2004. In 2005 he won the Clarín Novel Award for Thursday’s widows.
In 1986 Fernando Gago was born. He is a former soccer player and current Argentine coach who played as a central midfielder. He made his professional debut at Club Atlético Boca Juniors on December 4, 2004. Currently, since 2021, he is the technical director of Racing Club.
In 2003, the National Museum in Baghdad was looted. Archaeological looting in Iraq took place after the US invasion. After the chaos that followed the war, the same occurred, in the period between April 8, when the staff left the National Museum of Iraq and April 16, 2003. It is estimated that between 50,000 and 200,000 disappeared. objects housed in the museum, between April 10 and 11.
In 2005 Jorge Sobral died. He was an Argentine singer, author, theater director and film, theater and television actor. In his long career he recorded more than 300 songs. In cinema, he participated in the 1960s as a supporting actor in dozens of films alongside great stars of the national scene.
In 2010 the president of Poland, Lech Aleksander Kaczyński, in a plane crash. He held the position of President from 2005 until his death in said aviation accident. It happened when the official plane in which he was traveling with high officials crashed, a Tupolev Tu-154 that he was going to participate in a tribute in memory of the victims of the Katyn Massacre. The meteorological services had warned the pilots of the Polish presidential plane of the existence of dense fog in the landing zone and from the control tower they proposed that the flight be diverted to Moscow or Minsk, the capital of Belarus.
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Ephemeris of April 10 in Argentina and the world