Ephemeris of April 7 in Argentina and the world

World Health Day. World Health Day (WHD) is celebrated on April 7 of each year to mark the anniversary of the founding of the WHO in 1948. Each year, a theme is selected to highlight a priority area of ​​public health concern in the world.

International Day of Reflection on the Genocide committed in Rwanda. The International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda is celebrated on April 7, this date being the beginning of the so-called Rwandan genocide of 1994.

Post and Telecommunications Worker’s Day. In the beginning, the Post and Telecommunications Worker’s Day was held on April 4, in commemoration of the Post Office Law of 1876. On that important date, the postal addresses were merged with the telegraph address and a single entity was created. However, the date was later moved to April 7.

In 1831 Don Pedro II Emperor was crowned in Brazil. nicknamed The Magnanimous, was the second and last emperor of Brazil. His reign lasted 58 years, from 1831 to 1889, holding that position from the age of five.

In 1889 Gabriela Mistral was born. Pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga was a Chilean poet, diplomat, teacher and pedagogue. For her poetic work, she received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945. She was the first Ibero-American woman and the second Latin American person to receive a Nobel Prize. Born into a family of modest resources, she worked as a teacher in various schools and became an important thinker regarding the role of public education, she came to participate in the reform of the Mexican educational system. Starting in the 1920s, He had an itinerant life as a consul and representative in international organizations in America and Europe. As a poet, she is one of the most important figures in Chilean and Latin American literature. Among her works stand out Desolación, Tala and Lagar. He received the news that he had won the Nobel Prize in 1945 in Petrópolis, the Brazilian city where he had served as consul since 1941. He received the Nobel Prize, awarded by the Swedish Academy, on December 10, 1945, in a speech in who stated: “By a venture that surpasses me, I am at this moment the direct voice of the poets of my race and the indirect voice of the very noble Spanish and Portuguese languages. Both are happy to have been invited to the conviviality of Nordic life, all of it assisted by its ancient folklore and poetry”.

In 1891 Victoria Ocampo was born. She was an Argentine writer, intellectual, essayist, translator, editor, philanthropist and patron. She published books like The water lily lagoon (1926), ten volumes of Testimonies and Tagore in the San Isidro canyons (1961). Born into an aristocratic family, she was educated by governesses and her first language was French. In 1924 she published her first work, From Francesca to Beatrice, edited by the West Magazine with the help of José Ortega y Gasset. She participated from her youth in the first manifestations of the Argentine feminist, intellectual and anti-fascist movements, which led her to found the Argentine Women’s Union in 1936. In 1941, he settled in his Villa Ocampo residence —today belonging to UNESCO—, which became a place of reception for figures such as Rabindranath Tagore, Albert Camus, Graham Greene, Igor Stravinsky, Saint-John Perse, Denis de Rougemont, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, Roger Caillois, Ernest Ansermet, Christopher Isherwood, and Indira Gandhi. She was the only Latin American in one of the sessions of the Nuremberg Trials. She militated in opposition to Peronism. She was president of the National Endowment for the Arts from 1958 to 1973 and she received various distinctions as well as honorary doctorates from various universities.

In 1894 “La Vanguardia” appeared in Buenos Aires. It was an Argentine graphic medium founded by Juan B. Justo as a “scientific socialist newspaper defending the working class”, which in 1896 became the official organ of the Socialist Party of Argentina.

In 1915 “Billie Holiday” was born. Eleanora Holiday Fagan, better known as Billie Holiday and nicknamed Lady Day, was an American jazz singer, considered one of the three most important and influential female voices in this musical genre, along with Sarah Vaughan and Ella Fitzgerald.

In 1920 Ravi Shankar was born. He was an Indian musician known worldwide as a sitar virtuoso. Pandit Ravi Shankar was a Brahmana by birth; he belonged to the Indian priestly caste of artists and musicians.

In 1928 James Garner was born. James Scott Bumgarner, better known by his stage name James Garner, was an American actor and one of the few American stars to succeed simultaneously in film and television for three decades.

In 1939 Francis Ford Coppola was born. He is an American screenwriter, producer and film director. He is one of the most prominent figures of the New Hollywood that took place in the 1970s, alongside filmmakers such as Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg, Brian de Palma, and George Lucas, among others.

In 1947 Henry Ford died. He was an American businessman, founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern production lines used for mass production. The introduction of the Ford T in the automobile market revolutionized transportation and industry in the United States.

In 1948 the World Health Organization was founded. It is the body of the United Nations Organization (UN) specialized in managing prevention, promotion and intervention policies at a global level in health, defined in its Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not only as the absence of disease or illness. It was initially organized by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, which promoted the drafting of the first statutes of the WHO. The first meeting of this organization took place in Geneva (Switzerland) in 1948. The 195 member states of the WHO govern the entity through the World Health Assembly, made up of representatives from each of these countries.

In 1964 Russell Crowe was born. He is a New Zealand actor, director, film producer and musician. Crowe came to international attention for his role as the Roman general Maximus Decimus Meridius in the historical epic Gladiator (2000), directed by Ridley Scott, a film for which Crowe won multiple awards, including an Oscar for best actor. Also, the representation of the mathematician and Nobel Prize winner John Forbes Nash in the biographical film A Beautiful Mind (A Beautiful Mind) in 2001 brought him numerous awards, including a BAFTA for Best Actor, a Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Drama and a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actor.

In 1999 the Dalai Lama visited Argentina for the second time. To Tenzin Gyatso, Dalai Lama or spiritual master of Tibetan Buddhism, visited the country for the second time, and was declared an illustrious citizen of Buenos Aires by the head of the Buenos Aires government, Fernando de la Rúa.

In 2009, the former president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori, was sentenced to 25 years in prison. A court sentenced former President Alberto Fujimori for crimes against human rights. The president of the criminal chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice, César San Martín, declared that the four charges against Fujimori were proven “beyond any reasonable doubt.” Faced with the decision, Fujimori immediately filed an appeal for annulment. He was accused of his responsibility in the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta massacres, which left 25 dead in 1991 and 1992, and in the kidnappings of a journalist and a businessman in 1992.

In 2012 Mike Wallace died. He was an American journalist. From the beginning of the program 60 minutes of the American network CBS, in 1968, he was its correspondent and presenter, in which he interviewed personalities such as Ayn Rand, Deng Xiaoping, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Kurt Waldheim, Malcolm X, Jeffrey Wigand, Yasser Arafat, Menachem Begin , Anwar Sadat, Manuel Noriega, among others. He retired at 88 years old.

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Ephemeris of April 7 in Argentina and the world