On December 10, but in 1948, the UN General Assembly approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris.
1710.- War of the Spanish Succession: The Bourbon aspirant, the Frenchman Felipe de Anjou (future Felipe V), secures the throne of Spain after the defeat of the Austrian pretender (Archduke Carlos) in the Battle of Villaviciosa (Guadalajara).
1809.- War of Independence: Girona surrender after six months of siege (third and last) by French troops.
1848.- The future Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, elected by majority in the elections for President of the French Republic.
1860.- For the first time in history women vote and it happens in the US state of Wyoming.
1893.-The Assembly of Nicaragua promulgates a Constitution with broad liberal concessions.
1898.- End of the Spanish-American War: Spain signs the Treaty of Paris with the US whereby it renounces its sovereignty over Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam.
1901.-First meeting of the commissions in charge of awarding the Nobel Prize that agree to award it annually on this date.
1903.-Pierre and Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel win the Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies on radioactivity.
1906.-Roosevelt, Nobel Peace Prize. Ramón y Cajal, shared Nobel Prize in Medicine.
1911.-Marie Curie receives her second Nobel Prize, that of Chemistry for her discovery of radium.
1922.-Albert Einstein receives the Nobel Prize in Physics for his advances in quantum theory, not for the theory of Relativity.
1936.- Edward VIII of England draws up and signs his abdication from the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson. Her reign lasted 327 days. The shortest of all.
1941.- World War II: The Japanese Navy sinks the English battleships “Prince of Wales” and “Repulse”.
1957.- Albert Camus wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1959.- Severo Ochoa, Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology together with his American disciple Arthur Kornberg.
1964.- Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize and ensures that every penny of the $54,000 award will be used for the civil rights movement.
1966.- The album “Got live if you wanted!”, by The Rolling Stones, is released only for the US.
1967.- The Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1971.- The Chilean Pablo Neruda receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1980.- The Argentine architect Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Nobel Peace Prize.
1982.- Gabriel García Márquez receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1983.- The Polish leader Lech Walesa receives the Nobel Peace Prize, which is collected by his wife.
.- Raúl Alfonsín assumes the presidency of Argentina.
1986.- A group of American astronomers discovers seven new galaxies.
1990.- The Mexican Octavio Paz receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1993.- Former South African presidents Nelson Mandela and Frederik De Klerk receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
.- DOOM, one of the most influential computer games in the FPS genre, is released.
1998.- Judge Garzón prosecutes Pinochet for the crimes of genocide, terrorism and torture.
1999.- The Peronist Carlos Menem transfers the presidency to Fernando de la Rúa, from the center left.
2007.- Cristina Fernández takes over from her husband, Nestor Kirchner, in the Presidency of Argentina.
2010.- Mario Vargas Llosa receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
2013.- More than 90,000 people attend the funeral of former South African President Nelson Mandela in Soweto
2015.- Mauricio Macri is sworn in as president of Argentina.
2019.- The Peronist Alberto Fernández assumes the presidency of Argentina.
. -Sanna Marin, 34, is elected Prime Minister of Finland, becoming the youngest president in the world.
2020.- Airbnb opens on Wall Street.
.- A museum dedicated to the 17 Latin American Nobel Prize winners is inaugurated in Buenos Aires.
2021.- The Spanish Cristina Lucas, the Ecuadorian Fabiano Kueva and the Mexican Tania Candian, first, second and third prize, respectively, of the XV Biennial of visual arts of Cuenca (Ecuador).
1815.- Ada Byron, British mathematician, the first computer programmer in history.
1902.- Dulce María Loynaz, Cuban writer.
1908.- Olivier Messaiaen, French composer
1923.- Jorge Semprún, Spanish politician and writer.
1931.- Gonzalo Anes, Spanish historian.
1936.- Ramón Arcusa, singer of the “Duo Dinámico”.
1960.- Kenneth Branagh, British actor and filmmaker.
1989.- Marion Maréchal, French politician.
2014.- Jacques Honoré Rainier Grimaldi, heir to the Principality of Monaco, and his twin sister, Gabrielle Therese Marie.
1896.- Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and founder of the prizes that bear his name.
1936.- Luigi Pirandello, Italian playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature 1934.
1967.- Otis Redding, American singer.
1978.- Emilio Portes Gil, President of Mexico (1928-1930).
1992.- Celia Gámez, Argentine singer and magazine actress.
1993.- Juan Antonio Cabezas, Spanish writer and journalist.
2005.- Eugene McCarthy, former US Democratic senator.
2006.- Augusto Pinochet, Chilean dictator.
2012.- Antonio Cubillo, Canarian independence leader.
2019.- Yuri Luzhkov, Russian politician.
.- Pep Cortés, Valencian actor and theater director.
2020.- Antonio L. Bouza, Spanish poet and literary critic.
2021.- Michael Nesmith, singer and guitarist of the pop rock band The Monkees. EFE
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Ephemeris of December 10