What happened on February 22 in history?
186 BC C.: in the province of Gansu (central-northwest of China) an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 on the Richter seismological scale is recorded, which leaves a balance of 760 dead.1
1495: In Naples, King Charles VIII of France enters the city to claim the throne.
1530: Pope Clement VII crowns Charles I (King of Spain) as Holy Roman Emperor in Rome.
1632: Galileo Galilei publishes his Dialogue Concerning the Two Principal World Systems.
1689: William III and his wife, Mary II, accept the offer of the English throne.
1813: The Spanish Courts abolished the Tribunal del Santo Oficio in the American colonies.
1847: Within the framework of the First American intervention in Mexico, the Battle of Buena Vista is fought.
1857: Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scout movement, is born in London, England.
1857: Weißwurst sausage is invented in Munich.
1882: in the Balkans, the kingdom of Serbia is founded again.
1900: The United States captures the Hawaiian Islands.
1904: on the Antarctic continent, Argentina establishes the Orcadas Base, the first permanent base on the continent.
1913: President Francisco I. Madero and Vice President José María Pino Suárez are assassinated in Mexico.
1915: In the framework of the First World War, Germany unilaterally establishes unrestricted submarine warfare.
1921: Gosplán is created in the USSR in order to double industrial production.
1922: The British Empire unilaterally declares independence from Egypt.
1924 – US President Calvin Coolidge is the first to speak on the radio from the White House.
1928: the Australian pilot Bert Hinckler, with a plane equipped with a car engine, covers the 16,000 km that separate London from Port Darwin (Australia) in 16 days.
1929: in Venezuela, General Arévalo Cedeno unleashes a revolution.
1932: Adolf Hitler is presented as a candidate for the presidency of the German Republic for the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
1940: The new Dalai Lama, Tensing Gyatso, who is five years old, is enthroned in Tibet.
1942: in the framework of the Second World War, the president Franklin D Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines due to falling American defenses.
1943: in Germany the Nazis execute the members of the White Rose.
1948 : in Czechoslovakia the communist revolution happens.
1955: at the Nevada Test Site, the United States detonates its 2 kton Moth atomic bomb, the second of 14 in Operation Teapot. It is the 53rd bomb of the 1,127 that the United States detonated between 1945 and 1992.
1958: Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
1974: 37 countries and 22 presidents of the Organization of the Islamic Conference meet in Lahore (Pakistan). The state of Bangladesh is recognized.
1977: The American rock group “EAGLES”, publishes the single “Hotel California” reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 for one week in May 1977.
1979: the island of Saint Lucia becomes independent from the British Empire.
1980: Leonid Brezhnev, with the consent of Jimmy Carter, makes the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan conditional on non-foreign interference.
1986: the People’s Power Revolution begins in the Philippines, which will overthrow the dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
1991: The United States gives Iraq an ultimatum to withdraw from Kuwait, under the threat of an immediate offensive, in what came to be called the Persian Gulf War.
1993: The UN approves the creation of an International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
1997: In Roslin, Scotland, a group of scientists announce that an adult Dolly sheep has been successfully cloned.
1998: UN Secretary General Kofi Annan reaches an agreement with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, halting a possible US attack.
2001: by legislative decree, the Prayer to the Salvadoran Flag is officially recognized as a national symbol of El Salvador.
2002: British authorities authorize the birth of a genetically selected test-tube baby in an attempt to save the life of his sick brother.
2002: in Angola, the guerrilla Jonas Savimbi dies in a military ambush.
2017: 7 exoplanets very similar to Earth are discovered.
2021: After a 28-year career, the legendary electronic music duo Daft Punk announced their breakup.
Who was born on February 22?
1040 – Rashi, French rabbi (d. 1105)
1403 – Charles VII, French king (d. 1461).
1440 – Ladislaus the Posthumous, Bohemian and Hungarian king (d. 1457).
1732 – George Washington, American politician and president (d. 1799)
1741 – José Esteve Bonet, Spanish sculptor (d. 1802).
1788 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (d. 1860)
1796 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quételet, Belgian astronomer and mathematician (d. 1874)
1819 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (d. 1891)
1824 – Pierre Janssen, French astronomer (d. 1907)
1837 – Pedro Varela, Uruguayan president (d. 1906).
1840 – August Bebel, German politician (d. 1913)
1843 – Viscount of Taunay, Brazilian nobleman, writer, military engineer, sociologist, historian, and politician (d. 1899).
1857 – Robert Baden-Powell, British soldier, creator of the Scout movement (d. 1941).
1857 – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894)
1863 – Pedro Morales Pino, Colombian musician and painter (d. 1926)
1864 – Jules Renard, French writer (d. 1910)
1879 – Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish chemist and physicist (d. 1947)
1882 – Eric Gill, British typographer and sculptor (d. 1940)
1886 – Hugo Ball, German Dada writer and poet (d. 1927)
1890 – Leonor Serrano Pablo, Spanish jurist and writer (d. 1942).
1892 – Jan Wils, Dutch architect (d. 1972)
1898 – Anton de Kom, Surinamese soldier and activist (d. 1945)
1900 – Luis Buñuel, Spanish filmmaker (d. 1983)
1903 – Frank P. Ramsey, British mathematician and philosopher (d. 1930)
1908 – Rómulo Betancourt, Venezuelan politician and journalist, President of Venezuela from 1959 to 1964 (d. 1981).
1914: Renato Dulbecco, American virologist of Italian origin, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1975 (d. 2012).
1918 – Robert Wadlow, tallest man in history (d. 1940).
1922 – Jesús Fueyo Álvarez, Spanish writer and essayist (d. 1993).
1926 – Miguel León-Portilla, Mexican historian and archaeologist (d. 2019).
1932 – Ted Kennedy, American politician (d. 2009)
1936 – John Michael Bishop, American immunobiologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1989.
1940 – Jon Elster, Norwegian philosopher
1943 – Horst Köhler, German economist and politician, President of Germany from 2004 to 2010.
1949 – Niki Lauda, Austrian Formula 1 driver (d. 2019)
Who died on February 22?
970: García Sánchez I, King of Navarre between 925 and 970 (b. 919).
1371 – David II, King of Scotland (b. 1324).
1500 – Gerard VI, German nobleman (b. 1430)
1512 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian navigator (b. 1454)
1523: Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar y Mendoza, eldest son of Cardinal Mendoza (b. 1466).
1550: Michimalonco, Mapuche toqui (b. ca. 1500).
1556 – Humayun, second Mughal emperor (b. 1508).
1627 – Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)
1674 – Jean Chapelain, French writer (b. 1595)
1690 – Charles Le Brun, French painter (b. 1619)
1727 – Francesco Gasparini, Italian composer (b. 1661)
1731 – Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (b. 1638)
1756 – Pehr Löfling, Swedish naturalist and botanist (b. 1729)
1797 – Baron of Münchhausen, German writer (b. 1720)
1799 – Heshen, infamous Chinese court official of the Qing Dynasty (b. 1750).
1810 – Charles Brockden Brown, American writer (b. 1771)
1845 – Enrique Gil y Carrasco, Spanish romantic writer (b. 1815)
1875 – Camille Corot, French painter (b. 1796)
1892 – José Velarde, Spanish poet (b. 1848)
1913 – Francisco I. Madero, Mexican businessman, politician, and president from 1911 to 1913 (b. 1873).
1939 – Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (b. 1875)
1943 – Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (b. 1919)
1943: Hans Scholl, member of the White Rose movement (b. 1918).
1943 – Sophie Scholl, anti-Nazi leader and activist of the White Rose movement (b. 1921)
1944 – Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1869).
1958 – Abul Kalam Azad, leader of the Indian independence movement (b. 1888)
1960 – Samuel Alfred Mitchell, Canadian astronomer (b. 1874)
1963 – Manuel Moreno Barranco, Spanish writer (b. 1932).
1987: Andy WarholAmerican pop-art artist (b. 1928).
2004 – Roque Gastón Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
2018 – Forges, Spanish cartoonist (b. 1942)
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Ephemeris of February 22