On June 18, but in 1981, doctors in San Francisco (California, USA) formally recognize the AIDS epidemic.
1429.- The French led by Joan of Arc defeat the English army at the Battle of Patay.
1815.- In the battle of Waterloo (Belgium) British, Dutch and German troops defeat Napoleon Bonaparte and put an end to his imperialist aspirations.
1940.- General De Gaulle constitutes the National Committee of Free France.
1946.- The Republic of Italy is officially established. King Umberto II goes into exile in Portugal.
1953.- Proclamation of the Arab Republic of Egypt and abdication of King Faruq.
1967.- Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar in full concert in Monterey (California).
1969.- Premiere in Los Angeles of the western “Grupo Salvaje” (“The wild bunch”).
1972.- 118 people die in a plane crash at London’s Heathrow Airport.
1979.- Carter (USA) and Brezhnev (USSR) sign the “SALT II” treaty, which limits the manufacture of nuclear weapons.
.- Microsoft releases the BASIC 8086 programming language.
1982.- The Italian Roberto Calvi, “God’s banker”, president of the Banco Ambrosiano, controlled by the mafia, appears hanged in London.
1986.- Several prisoners accused of terrorism riot in the prison of Frontón (Lima), in what is known as Matanza en los Penales in Peru.
2001.- The regional coordinator of the ruling V Republic Movement (MVR), Argenis Chávez, brother of Hugo Chávez, is relieved of his post.
2005.- ETA announces the cessation of its “armed” actions against elected representatives of political parties.
2007.- Kidnapped and assassinated by the FARC eleven deputies in Colombia.
2009.- Hortensia Bussi, widow of Chilean President Salvador Allende, dies at the age of 94.
2011.- Some 800 Brazilian police officers occupy the Mangueira favela, one of the most populous in Rio de Janeiro, to evict that neighborhood of drug traffickers.
2016.- An Egyptian court sentences former president Mohamed Mursi, of the Muslim Brotherhood, to life imprisonment.
2017.- Macron’s party (Republic on the Move) wins an absolute majority in the general elections.
.- More than 60 dead in a serious forest fire in Portugal.
2018.- The president of Audi, Rupert Stadler, arrested for the “dieselgate”, illegal emissions from Volkswagen vehicles.
2019.- The German chancellor, Angela Merkel, suffers in public a body tremor that triggers rumors about her health.
.- Facebook announces its Libra cryptocurrency to use in WhatsApp and Messenger.
2021.- The ultra-conservative cleric Ebrahim Raisí, elected president of Iran.
1873.- Eduardo Chicharro, Spanish painter.
1901.- Grand Duchess Anastasia, fourth daughter of the last Tsar of Russia.
1926.- Jesús de la Serna, Spanish journalist.
1942.- Paul McCartney (“The Beatles)”, British singer and songwriter.
1943.- Raffaela Carrá, Italian presenter and singer.
1952.- Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress.
.- José María Bermúdez de Castro, Spanish paleontologist.
1989.- Renee Olstead, American actress and singer.
1963.- Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor, sick with cancer, commits suicide.
2006.- Vicent Sherman, American film director.
2008.- Jean Delannoy, French filmmaker.
2010.- José Saramago, Portuguese writer, Nobel Prize for Literature.
2011.- Clarence Clemons, American saxophonist.
2018.- Kazuo Kashio, co-founder of Cassio.
.- XXXTentacion, American singer and rapper.
2021.- Giampiero Boniperti, former Italian soccer player. EFE
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Ephemeris of June 18