Ephemeris of November 15

On November 15, 1884, the Berlin Conference was opened in Germany, organized by Chancellor Otto Von Bismark, to agree on the division of the African continent. The General Act on the free maritime and fluvial navigation of the Congo and Niger rivers is also signed


1533.- The Inca empire of Peru falls into the hands of Francisco Pizarro, the governor appointed by the king of Spain, who occupies Cuzco and recognizes Manco Cápac II, brother of Atahualpa, as sovereign Inca.

1573.- The Spanish explorer, Juan de Garay, officially founded the city of Santa Fe, in what is now the Argentine Republic.

1867.- The newspaper “La Capital” is founded in Rosario (Argentina), the oldest of the Argentine newspapers.

1884.- The Berlin Conference is inaugurated in Germany, organized by Chancellor Otto Von Bismark, to agree on the division of the African continent. The General Act on free maritime and fluvial navigation of the Congo and Niger rivers is also signed.

1889.- After the emperor of Brazil, Pedro II, was overthrown, the provisional government proclaimed the presidential Federal Republic.

1906.- The scientist Marie Curie teaches her first Physics class at the Sorbonne University in Paris.

1908.- King Leopold II bequeaths, by Treaty, the Congo to Belgium, which becomes a colony of the country and is renamed the Belgian Congo.

1920.- The first Assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva (Switzerland).

1923.- The Unified Political Directorate of the State is created in the Soviet Union, a substitute for “the Czech”, the Soviet political police.

1930.- German geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener dies in Greenland, on a scientific expedition to the North Pole.

1940.- The German authorities order the closure of the Warsaw ghetto, with some 350,000 Jews confined. It was the largest ghetto in area and population.

1982.- The first legislative elections are held in Brazil after twenty years.

1983.- The Turkish Cypriots residing in the northern part of Cyprus declare independence and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is proclaimed.

1985.- Nazi war criminal Walter Kutschmann, a Gestapo agent, is arrested in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

1986.- The Governments of Cuba and Spain agree to pay compensation to Spaniards whose assets were expropriated in 1959 after the triumph of the Cuban revolution.

1988.- The Palestinian National Council proclaims the independent Palestinian State in Algiers, with implicit recognition of the State of Israel.

1990.- The Argentine writer Bioy Casares wins the Cervantes Prize, the highest distinction of Spanish letters.

1991.- A delegation of rebels from Afghanistan and the Soviet authorities agree to end thirteen years of war and prepare for democratic elections.

1992.- Panama rejects in a referendum the abolition of the Army and other constitutional reforms proposed by the Government.

1995.- The General Conference of UNESO approves World Book and Copyright Day, which is celebrated every April 23 throughout the world.

1999.- China and the United States reach a “key” bilateral agreement for the Asian country’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

2001.- The XBOX, Microsoft’s first video game console, goes on sale.

2003.- The XIII Summit of the Americas concludes in Santa Cruz (Bolivia) with the signing of the Santa Cruz de la Sierra Agreement, a basic document on social inclusion.

2003.- Fifteen people die and about 30 are injured when an access gangway to the transatlantic “Queen Mary 2” detaches, in dry dock in the French city of Saint-Nazaire.

2006.- The Neanderthal genome project is launched with the first reading of a million “letters” of DNA from a fossil.

2006.- The television network “Al Jazeera” begins broadcasting a new group channel in English called “Al Jazeera International”, with centers in Doha, Washington, London and Kuala Lumpur.

2007.- The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution promoted by the European Union (EU) that, for the first time, urges the declaration of an international moratorium on the application of the death penalty.

2013.- The Supreme Court of Nicaragua approves the reform of the Constitution.

2016.- In Egypt, the Court of Cassation annuls the death sentence and orders a repeat trial against former president Mohamed Mursi for his escape from prison during the revolution in 2011.

2017.- Zimbabwean Armed Forces rebel against Robert Mugabe’s government, take control of the country and confine the president to his residence. Mugabe resigns on the 21st.

2017.- In Argentina, communication with the submarine ARA San Juan with 44 crew members on board is lost.

2018.- Uruguayan Ida Vitale wins the Cervantes Prize.

2018.- The new Bitcoin SV cryptocurrency emerges, when the Bitcoin Cash block chain is updated again.

2020-. China becomes the main signatory to the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), the world’s largest free trade agreement.


1891.- Erwin Rommel, German soldier.

1922.- Francesco Rosi, Italian filmmaker.

1942.- Daniel Barenboim, pianist and conductor of Argentine, Israeli and Spanish nationality.

1967.- Pandeli Majko, Albanian politician.

1971.- Montserrat Martí Caballe, Spanish soprano.

1977.- Sean Murray, American actor.


1630.- Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician.

1916.- Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish writer, Nobel Prize 1905.

1958.- Tyrone Power, American actor.

1976.- Jean Gabin, French actor.

2016.- Sixto Durán, politician and former president of Ecuador.

2017.- Lil Peep, New York rapper.

2020.- Ray Clemence, English footballer.



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Ephemeris of November 15