On November 19, but in the year 2000, Alberto Fujimori resigned from Japan to the Presidency of Peru.
1493.- Columbus landed on the island of Borinquen, which he called San Juan Bautista, today San Juan de Puerto Rico.
1819.- The Prado Museum in Madrid opens its doors for the first time with only 311 works on display.
1837.- Inauguration of the first Cuban railway, which linked Havana with Benjucal.
1859.- The war in Africa begins between Spanish and Moroccan troops.
1882.- Laying of the first stone of the Argentine city of La Plata, founded by Dardo Rocha, governor of Buenos Aires.
1911.- The President of the Dominican Republic, General Ramón Cáceres, is assassinated.
1931.- Adolf Windaus, a Gottingen researcher, announces that it has been possible to manufacture, by radiation, vitamin D1 in the form of pure crystals.
1977.- Historic trip of the President of Egypt, Anwar el Sadat, to Israel, which led to the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
1984.- Several liquefied petroleum gas explosions at the facilities of the Petróleo Mexicano company (Pemex) in Mexico City cause more than 450 deaths and some 4,000 injuries.
1985.- Summit in Geneva between the top leaders of the US, Ronald Reagan, and the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, on the reduction of nuclear weapons. It ends without agreements.
1990.- NATO and the Warsaw Pact sign the declaration that ends the Cold War.
1991.- More than 80 dead when a train derailed in Tehuacán, the biggest railway tragedy in Mexico.
1995.- Victory of the social democratic candidate, the ex-communist Aleksander Kwasniewski, in the presidential elections of Poland against the outgoing president, Lech Walesa.
1996.- Historical interview in the Vatican between John Paul II and the Cuban president, Fidel Castro. The Pontiff accepts the invitation to visit Cuba.
2001.- Four western journalists -among them the Spanish Julio Fuentes from the newspaper El Mundo- and an Afghan are assassinated between Jalalabad and Kabul.
2002.- Catastrophe of the oil tanker “Prestige” with 77,000 tons of fuel. It breaks in two, is towed out to sea and sinks less than 250 kilometers from Fisterra (A Coruña, northwestern Spain).
2004.- The American Defense Ministers sign the “Quito Declaration” to strengthen security on the continent.
2007.- Khieu Sampan, former president of the bloody Cambodian regime of the Khmer Rouge, from the 1970s, was arrested.
– Queen Elizabeth II of England and Prince Philip of Edinburgh celebrate their Diamond Jubilee at a ceremony held at Westminster Abbey.
2012.- The International Court of Justice remodels the maritime border between Nicaragua and Colombia, which recognizes sovereignty over the San Andrés archipelago, and which for Managua means leaving the limit that was marked by the 82nd meridian.
2013.- The Mexican writer Elena Poniatowska wins the Cervantes Prize.
2016.- The Marrakech climate summit (COP22) ends. The document to implement the Paris Agreement is signed.
1831.- James A. Garfield, President of the United States.
1900.- Anna Seghers, German writer.
1912.- George Emil Palade, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine 1974.
1913.- Ataúlfo Argenta, Spanish conductor.
1917.- Indira Gandhi, Indian politician.
1920.- Gene Tierney, American actress.
1933.- Larry King, American journalist and writer.
1938.- Ted Turner, American businessman.
1942.- Calvin Klein, American designer.
1954.- Abdel Fatah Al Sisi, Egyptian politician.
1961.- Meg Ryan, American actress.
1962.- Jodie Foster, American actress.
1976.- Jack Dorsey, American businessman, co-founder of Twitter.
1828.- Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer.
1988.- Cristina Onassis, Greek billionaire.
1998.- Alan J. Pakula, American film director and producer.
2006.- Francis Girod, French filmmaker.
2007.- Magda Szabó, Hungarian novelist.
2013.- Frederick Sanger, British biochemist, ‘father of genomics’, Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice.
2014.- Mike Nichols, American film director. EFE
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Ephemeris of November 19