Ephemeris of November 7: what happened in Argentina and the world?

In 1867 Marie Curie was born

Canillita Day. It is a day dedicated to honoring the sellers of newspapers and magazines. The origin of this celebration dates back to the City of Buenos Aires and to Florencio Sánchez, author of the history of the Rio de la Plata theater where the term was used for the first time. In January 1968, after the founding of the newspaper La República in Buenos Aires, the owners, Manuel Bilbao and José Alejandro Bernheim, came up with the idea that the sale of each copy could be done through young people who stood on the streets and in strategic corners of the city, as it happened in other cities of the world. The cost of this for the owners of the newspaper was much less than paying the post office and at the same time shortened the waiting time of the readers. Canillita comes from the Latin “canella”, a diminutive of canna that means cane. In lunfardo, the long bone of the legs is called quill. That is why the skinny legs were called quills or quills.

Sports Journalist Day. A meeting in the Circle of Sports Journalists of the Federal Capital, on the day that the Canillita Day was celebrated, was the one that set this date as the day of the sports journalist. There is no special historical reminiscence. The date arose by chance, and it was gaining adherents year after year.

In 1867 Marie Curie was born. She was a French nationalized Polish scientist. A pioneer in the field of radioactivity, she was the first person to receive two Nobel prizes in different specialties, Physics and Chemistry, as well as being the first woman to hold the post of professor at the University of Paris. He was born in Warsaw, in what was then the Zarato of Poland (territory administered by the Russian Empire). He studied clandestinely at the “floating university” in Warsaw and began his scientific training there. At the age of 24, he followed his older sister Bronisława Dłuska to Paris, where he completed his studies and carried out his most outstanding scientific works. She shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and physicist Henri Becquerel. Years later, he won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry alone. Although he received French citizenship and supported his new homeland, he never lost his Polish identity: he taught his daughters his mother tongue and took them on visits to Poland. He named the first chemical element he discovered, polonium, as his country of origin. Her achievements include early studies on the phenomenon of radioactivity (a term she coined), 8 9 10 techniques for the isolation of radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements – polonium and radium. Under his direction, the first studies in the treatment of neoplasms with radioactive isotopes were carried out. He founded the Curie Institute in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain among the leading medical research centers today. During the First World War he created the first radiological centers for military use. He died in 1934 at the age of 66, in the Sancellemoz sanatorium in Passy, ​​from aplastic anemia caused by exposure to radiation from radio test tubes that he kept in his pockets at work and in the construction of mobile units of X-ray of the First World War.

In 1879 Leon Trotsky was born. Lev Davidovich Bronstein, known as Leon Trotsky, was a Russian politician and revolutionary. Although he initially sympathized with the Mensheviks and had ideological and personal disputes with the Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Lenin, Trotsky was one of the key organizers of the October Revolution, which allowed the Bolsheviks to seize power in November 1917 in Russia. During the ensuing civil war, he served as commissioner for military affairs. He negotiated the withdrawal of Russia from World War I through the Peace of Brest-Litovsk. He was in charge of the creation of the Red Army that would definitively consolidate the revolutionary achievements defeating a poor support of foreign armies and the white armies during the Russian civil war. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Later, he faced Iósif Stalin politically and ideologically, leading the left-wing opposition, which led to his exile and subsequent assassination. After his exile from the Soviet Union, he was the leader of an international revolutionary left movement identified by the name of Trotskyism and characterized by the idea of ​​”permanent revolution.” In 1938, he founded the Fourth International. He was assassinated in Mexico by Ramón Mercader, a Spanish agent of the Soviet NKVD, on the orders of Stalin.

In 1913 Albert Camus was born. Algerian-born French novelist, essayist, playwright, philosopher and journalist. His thought develops under the influence of the philosophical reasoning of Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and German existentialism. The conformation of the philosophical thought known as absurdism has been attributed to him, although in his text “The enigma” Camus himself denies the label of “prophet of the absurd.” It has been frequently associated with existentialism, although it was always considered alien to it.Despite its conscious departure from nihilism, it rescues from it the idea of ​​individual freedom. He was part of the French Resistance during the German occupation, and was associated with the postwar libertarian movements. In 1957 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for “the set of a work that highlights the problems that arise in the consciousness of men today.”

In 1917 the Russian Revolution broke out. On November 7, 1917 (October 25 according to the Julian calendar in force in Russia at that time) Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin, announced to the whole country that the provisional government of Aleksandr Kérensky had been deposed and control of the country it passed into the hands of popular assemblies called soviets. The taking of the Petrograd Winter Palace during the night of the 24th to the 25th marked the beginning and the triumph of the Russian Revolution.

In 1970 Carlos Monzón defeated Nino Benvenutti. The Santa Fe was 28 years old and had a long professional career in Argentina, although he was not recognized internationally. The Italian was by far the favorite. Juan Carlos Lectoure got him the chance. In the fight, where Benvenutti was the favorite, Monzón went round after round, wearing him down to number 12. There the Argentine hit a direct right-hand strike, and did more than collapse the Italian, crowning world champion. Benvenuti was a star in Europe and he was the big favorite. Monzón paid 3 to 1 in the bets.

In 1973 Martín Palermo was born. Former footballer and current coach. As a player, he served as a center forward, standing out as one of the best and most iconic in the history of Boca Juniors and Argentine soccer. He was named Footballer of the Year in South America in 1998, and was included in the American Ideal Team in 1998 and 2000. He was formed in the youth divisions of Estudiantes de La Plata, where he also made his professional debut in 1992. With Pincha, he remained for six seasons until his signing for Boca Juniors in 1997. In 2001 he was signed by Villarreal of Spain, where he could only stay for two seasons and never settled, in addition to short steps for Real Betis and Alavés, until his return to Boca in 2004. With the Argentine National Team, he made his debut in 1999 and played the Copa América that same year. He would not be called up again until 2009, where he would score a decisive goal in the Qualifiers for the Argentine team to qualify for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.

In 1980 Steve McQueen died. American actor was known for the popular television series Randall, the vigilante (Wanted: Dead or Alive) from 1958 to 1961, and films such as The Magnificent Seven (1960), The Great Escape (1963), The Burning Yangtze ( 1966), Bullitt (1968), Le Mans (1971), The Flight (1972), Papillon (1973) and The Colossus in Flames (1974). He became the highest paid movie star in the world.

In 2011 Joe Frazier died. He was a gold medalist at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and a world boxing champion in the heavyweight category. He was professional from 1965 to 1976, although he returned for a match in 1981.

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Ephemeris of November 7: what happened in Argentina and the world?