On October 14, but in 1962, the missile crisis begins, after an American spy plane photographed and discovered Russian missile ramps in Cuba.
Other ephemeris of October 14
1813.- Simón Bolívar is proclaimed the “Liberator” in Caracas.
1888.- The first film in the history of cinema is filmed, “The Roundhay Garden Scene” (France), which lasts less than two seconds.
1913.- Senghenydden mining disaster: 439 miners die in what was the biggest British mining disaster.
1917.- Uruguay wins its second Copa de América, in a match held in Montevideo.
1944.- World War II: General Rommel commits suicide at the behest of Hitler, accused of participating in a plot against him.
1947.- For the first time in history, man breaks the sound barrier. Chuck E. Yeager, an American pilot, did it at the controls of the Bell “X-1” rocket plane, which exceeded 1,224 km/hour.
1951.- The Organization of Central American States is created.
1957.- The Turia river overflows as it passes through Valencia (Spain) and causes the death of nearly a hundred people and millionaire material losses.
1964.- The American Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to eliminate racial prejudice in the United States.
1981.- Hosni Mubarak assumes the presidency of Egypt.
1999.- The Japanese banks Sumitomo Bank and Sakura Bank announce their merger, creating the second largest bank in the world in terms of assets.
2001.- President Fernando de la Rúa loses power in Argentina after the victory of the Peronists in the legislative elections.
2003.- The companies ACS and Dragados approve the merger to create the largest Spanish construction company and the third largest in Europe.
2005.- Former President Lucio Gutiérrez returns to Ecuador, where he is arrested and imprisoned for “attacking State security.”
.- The XV Ibero-American Summit begins in Salamanca (Spain), under the presidency of the King and Queen of Spain.
2006.- The UN approves commercial and arms sanctions against North Korea for carrying out its first atomic test.
2009.- India and Argentina sign a nuclear cooperation pact.
2011.- Apple launches the iPhone 4S, the first without Steve Jobs, and its new automated voice control system called “Siri”.
2012.- The Austrian athlete Félix Baumgartner is launched from the stratosphere, more than 39,000 meters high, becoming the first human being to break the speed of sound in free fall.
2017.- At least 587 people die in an attack perpetrated by Al Shabab against a hotel and a market in Mogadishu (Somalia).
.- The Hollywood Academy expels producer Harvey Weinstein, involved in a huge scandal of abuse and sexual harassment.
2018.- Pope Francis proclaims Pope Paul VI a saint.
2019.- 14 police officers are killed in an armed attack in western Mexico.
.- In Spain, the Supreme Court sentences nine to 13 years in prison to nine Catalan leaders for the illegal secessionist process of 2017.
2021.- Angela Merkel receives the Carlos V European Award, in Yuste (Spain).
1882.- Eamon de Valera, champion of Irish independence.
1890.- Dwight Eisenhower, military man and former president of the United States.
1906.- Hasan Al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood.
.- Hannah Arendt, German philosopher.
1927.- Roger Moore, British actor.
1930.- Mobutu Sese Seko, former president of Zaire.
1938.- Farah Diba, former Empress of Iran.
1939.- Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer.
1940.- Cliff Richard, British singer.
1941.- Roger Taylor, British tennis player.
1959.- Errol Flynn, Australian actor.
1977.- Bing Crosby, American actor and singer.
1990.- Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor.
1997.- Harold Robbins, American writer.
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Ephemeris of October 14: What happened on a day like today?