What was happening in the world on a day like today, but many years ago? On November 22, various events occurred that remained marked in the almanac of international history. From scientific discoveries, celebrity births and even tragic deaths, This was what happened in history, on a day like today.
Ephemeris, November 22:
1497.- The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa).
1822.- The Congress of Verona (Italy) decides to send to Spain the One Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis.
1824.- Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua promulgate the Constitution that unites the five countries in a Federation governed by a president, although it leaves wide freedom to the heads of each State.
1873.- The French transatlantic “Ville du Havre” sinks due to boarding on its way to New York and 226 people die.
1928.- The work “Bolero”, by the French composer Maurice Ravel, premieres at the Paris Opera.
1934.- The engineer and pilot Ramón Torres, the first Spanish aviator to cross the Sahara, begins his flight to Africa.
1943.- Lebanon obtains its independence from France.
1955.- The USSR explodes a hydrogen bomb in Siberia.
– After the overthrow of Argentine President Juan Domingo Perón, the embalmed corpse of Eva Perón is kidnapped.
1956.- Inauguration in Melbourne (Australia) of the XVI Olympic Games.
1963. -The 44-year-old President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, is shot dead in Dallas.
1969.- Signed in San José, Costa Rica, the American Convention on Human Rights, the so-called Pact of San José.
1975.- Juan Carlos I de Borbón is sworn in as King of Spain.
1977.- Spain and Portugal sign a friendship treaty that replaces the Iberian Pact.
– The Concorde makes its first direct flight between Paris and New York.
1983.- The Colombian National Liberation Army (ELN) kidnaps Jaime Betancur Cuartas, brother of the President of the Republic, Belisario Betancur, in Bogotá.
1989.- Lebanese President René Muawad and 14 other people are assassinated in Beirut, when a powerful device explodes.
1990.- Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1992.- The pro-government coalition “Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría” wins the constituent elections in Peru.
1995.- Simón Peres becomes the head of the XII Government of Israel when he is sworn in before the Parliament in Jerusalem.
– Pixar Animation Studios releases Toy Story, the first feature film created by computer.
2002.- The Argentine Government announces the end of the banking “corralito” for the following December 2, imposed the previous year.
2004.- One day after the presidential elections in Ukraine, the Central Election Commission declares Prime Minister Victor Yukanovich the winner. The opposition leader, Víctor Yuschenko calls on his supporters to undertake massive protest actions for electoral fraud. The “orange revolution” begins.
2005.- The Bundestag elects the conservative Angela Merkel as the new chancellor. She is the first woman in German history to come to office.
2006.- The United States and Colombia sign a Free Trade Agreement that must be approved by the parliaments of both countries.
2010.- The German Government announces the suspension of compulsory military service as of July 1, 2011.
– 351 people die and 750 are injured in a stampede in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, during the Water Festival.
2015.- The conservative Mauricio Macri is elected president of Argentina.
2017.- The ICTY sentences the former Bosnian Serb soldier Ratko Mladic to life imprisonment for genocide and war crimes.
1869.- André Gide, French writer. Nobel Prize in 1947.
1890.- Charles De Gaulle, French soldier and statesman.
1958.- Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress.
1967.- Boris Becker, German tennis player.
1984.- Scarlett Johansson, American actress of European descent.
1995.- Katherine McNamara, American actress.
1916.- Jack London, American writer.
1929.- Jaime Ferrán, Spanish microbiologist.
1937.- Philip Laszlo, British painter.
1963.- Aldous Huxley, English writer.
1980.- Mae West, American actress.
2007.- Maurice Bejart, French choreographer.
– Lola Massieu, Spanish painter.
2011.- Lynn Margulis, American scientist.
– Paul Motian, American jazz drummer.
2012.- Bryce Courtenay, South African writer, settled in Australia.
2021.- Noah Gordon, American writer.
What is commemorated today, November 22?
International Musician’s Day or Music Day
International 22q11 Syndrome Day (November edition)
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Ephemeris: What is commemorated today, November 22?