Gabriel García Márquez and “The loneliness of Latin America”

In its ruling, the institution explained that the Nobel was awarded to garcia marquez “for his novels and short stories in which the fantastic and the real are combined in a universe richly composed of imagination that reflects the life and conflicts of the American continent.”

During his acceptance speech, the writer covered the fables of the chronicles of the Indies, the reality and uniqueness of Latin America, the dictatorships of the seventies and the Nobel as recognition.

“In the face of oppression, looting and abandonment, our response is life”said the author of “One Hundred Years of Solitude” that day, in which he defined himself as a “wandering and nostalgic Colombian.”

Gabo, who had already proven his reputation as a transgressor, affirmed that “Latin America does not want or have to be a bishop without will, nor is there anything chimerical about its designs for independence and originality becoming a Western aspiration.”

“Europeans with a clarifying spirit, those who also fight for a bigger, more humane and fairer homeland, could help us better if they thoroughly reviewed their way of seeing us”pointed out the Colombian.

Before the Swedish kings, the Nobel Prize winner, who changed the rigorous black tailcoat required by the Swedish Academy for the typical Caribbean suit, ended his speech with an exaltation of poetry. “In each line that I write I always try, with more or less success, to invoke the elusive spirits of poetry, and I try to leave in each word the testimony of my devotion for its divination virtues, and for its permanent victory against the deaf. powers of death.”


Writer and journalist, Gabriel Garcia Marquez has gone down in history as the only Nobel Prize winner Literature Colombian and father of the so-called “magical realism“, a literary current of which he is considered one of the main exponents with his novel “One Hundred Years of Solitude”.

Born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca, the Colombian Caribbean town that inspired his literary Macondo, his father, Gabriel Eligio, was a telegraph operator and he, “Gabito”, the eldest of twelve children, spent his early years with his grandparents, who would later be characters in his novels.

García Márquez left the Colombian coast in 1940 to study Law in Bogotá, but his creative skills led him to abandon these studies to graduate in Journalism.

In September 1947, he published his first short story, “La tercera resignación”, in the newspaper El Espectador, and his role as a literary promise began to take shape until the murder of leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán and the consequent “Bogotazo” riots forced him to leave. return to shore in 1948.

The publication in 1955 of “La hojarasca” and above all the serial report “Relato de un náufrago” earned him censorship from the regime, which marked the beginning of his career as a correspondent for Europe, the Soviet Union at that time, the United States and Venezuela.

This first novel was followed by “The bad hour” (1961), “The colonel has no one to write to him” (1962), “The incredible and sad story of the candid Eréndira and her heartless grandmother” (1972), “When I was happy and undocumented” (1973 ), “Eyes of a Blue Dog” (1974) and “The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975)”.

From the eighties others would arrive like “Chronicle of a death announced” (1981), “Love in the time of cholera” (1985), “The general in his labyrinth” (1989) “Of love and other demons” (1994), “Live to tell it” (2002), “Memory of my sad whores” (2004) and “I do not come to say a speech” (2010).

“The telegraph operator’s son”, as he liked to introduce himself, always fled from identifying himself as an intellectual, but he was, because he cultivated cinema, painting and music.

Gabriel Garcia Marquez He died on April 17, 2014 in Mexico City, where he lived a good part of his life, at the age of 87, on Holy Thursday, just like Úrsula Iguarán, the matriarch of “One Hundred Years of Solitude”.


In 2022, in addition to the 40th anniversary of García Márquez’s Nobel Prize, it will be the 55th anniversary of the first edition of “One Hundred Years of Solitude”, in 1967, a work that the author himself defined as a 450-page vallenato, since one of his The greatest inspirations were the minstrels of vallenato music who toured the towns of the Caribbean recounting the most recent events in the region to the rhythm of the accordion.

The Colombian Nobel Prize winner said that he had done nothing else in his life than write stories “to make life happier for a non-existent reader” and with that desire he also wrote “One Hundred Years of Solitude” which, for the Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes, is “the American Quixote”.

After reading the manuscript, Fuentes wrote a letter to Julio Cortázar in which he told him “I have read the American ‘Don Quixote’, a Quixote captured between the mountains and the jungle, deprived of plains, a cloistered Quixote that for this reason must invent the world from four collapsed walls”.

Considered the masterpiece of literature Latin American, tells the story of the Buendía family throughout seven generations in the fictional town of Macondo, casting a large number of characters that represent different feelings and characteristics.

Before Editorial Sudamericana made the decision to publish the first edition, “Gabo” published various fragments in recognized newspapers and magazines, as a way of finding out what kind of reception the novel would have among readers.

Initially, the publisher planned to publish 3,000 copies, however, the number was increased to 5,000 after Carlos Fuentes, Mario Vargas Llosa and Julio Cortázar gave their positive impressions of the novel.

Gabriel Garcia Marquez He wrote his masterpiece in 18 months, between 1965 and 1966, and more than 50 million copies have been sold in 40 languages.

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Gabriel García Márquez and “The loneliness of Latin America”