National Rural Doctor’s Day, why is it celebrated on July 4?

One of the noblest and most important professions is that of the doctor, who makes every effort to save a person or improve their quality of life, which is why every July 3 is commemorated National Day of the Rural Doctor in honor of the birth of Esteban Laureano Maradona in 1895.

This doctor, naturalist and writer from Santa Fe renounced all kinds of fees and material prizes, lived in humility and dedicated himself to heal people in situations of social vulnerability, particularly with the native communities of northeastern Argentina.

It should be noted that he obtained his medical degree at the Buenos Aires’ University in 1926, with an honors diploma, and an interesting point is that during his studies he was a disciple of Bernard Houssay (Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1947). In 1930, he settled in the Chaco town of Enduranceand by 1932 he enlisted and volunteered for the Asuncion Naval Hospital, during the war of Chaco either “of the oil”.

For more than 50 years, Esteban Laureano Maradona lived in Stanislaus of the Fielda small town in the province of Formosa, providing help and support to the Toba, Mataco, Mocoví and Pilagá communities. In addition, he made great contributions to the knowledge of the communities of northeastern Argentina, studied their customs and incorporated traditional aboriginal medicine into his knowledge.

Esteban Laureano Maradona, pioneer of rural medicine in our country (Archive).

His works include the construction of a colony for people with leprosy and also the foundation of the first bilingual school in the country, a small educational establishment that, in Formosa, provided classes for members of native peoples, using in part their mother tongue. In addition, he wrote books like “Through the Jungle”, “Peasant Memories”, “A Providential Plant”, “American Quadrupedal Animals”, “Birds”, “History of Natural Science Workers”, “The Problem of Leprosy” and “rubber plants”, among other works.

The commitment that Esteban Laureano Maradona assumed as a professional, the selfless and supportive work, the denunciation of injustice and the defense and attention of the original peoples, are worth by themselves to highlight the man who directed his knowledge and effort towards those who most needed .

Finally, Maradona died in the city of rosary beads on January 14, 1995, at the age of 99, and will always be remembered as the “Little Doctor God”, the “Doctor Poultice”, the “Little Doctor Esteban” or the “Doctor of the poor”, as his patients called him, with deep devotion.

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National Rural Doctor’s Day, why is it celebrated on July 4?