Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Four women have won the award in recent years

Nobel Prizes they continue to have a lack of women among their honorees, especially in the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, although in the last four years of them have achieved it in Chemistry which marks “a positive trend”.

That’s how he considers it Carolyn R. Bertozzi, that this year has achieved the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and today he sat at a table with the rest of his fellow prize-winners in the scientific disciplines, a total of eight men and one woman.

French writer Annie Ernaux. EFE

bertozzi, that together with the French writer Annie Ernaux, They are the only women awarded this year, she stressed at a press conference that it is “a great honor” for her to sit among, she said, “these incredible scientists.”

He also recalled that of the eight women who have achieved the award in Chemistryfive are alive and four of them have achieved it in recent years, which he considered “a very positive trend.”

this year’s It is the eighth Nobel Prize in Chemistry won by a woman. and in the most recent editions the American one was also made with it Frances Arnold, in 2018; in addition to Emmanuelle Charpentier (French) and Jennifer Doudna (American), in 2020.

Bertozzi has been recognized as the creator of bioorthogonal chemistry, a revolution for biology and biochemistry that “reflects the initial phase of a new chapter of chemistry in which it will be used to develop new types of drugs.”

Drugs that will target specific tissues and will know how to stay away from those other tissues that do not want to be treated, said Bertozzi, who indicated that the first application has already reached human clinical trials and it is a therapy against sarcoma.

“I think that in the short term (bioorthogonal chemistry) will be a very rich field that will grow over the next decade,” estimated the laureate, who like the rest will collect the award on the 10th, the date on which Alfred Nobel died.

The Physics award this year has recognized advances in quantum physics that open the door to new applications of quantum technology.

Austrian Anton Zeilinger He highlighted that the most evolved are random number generators and quantum cryptography, which allows a message to be transmitted in an absolutely secure manner.

However, it is difficult to know exactly where these applications are going to go: “I have no idea what it will be like in 20 years, because if you had asked me 20 years ago I would have had no idea what is happening now.”

The French Alain Aspect, who shares the award with Zeilinger and the American John Clauser, acknowledged that there are personalities like his who “are not good at finding applications” for their research, but that others do.

In France there are several start-ups in quantum technologies, some created by his former students, so although he has not found the applications to his studies, in “a certain way he is contributing to it.”

The Nobel Prize in Economics Among its winners this year is the former president of the United States Federal Reserve, Ben Bernanke, for his investigations into banks and financial crises.

Bernanke reiterated the importance of not letting “financial crises get out of control and have tremendously adverse effects on the real economy” and pointed out that today there are tools to try to prevent them and others to apply during a crisis.

In the first case, he highlighted the need to have a solid regulatory system that guarantees that the system is resistant, that it has sufficient capacity to withstand the shocks that may hit it at that moment.

Bernanke considered that much progress has been made in this regard, with the reform of financial regulation, but considered that there is still work to be done both in the United States and in some parts of Europe.

Winning a Nobel Prize is a dream of many young scientists, especially the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, but the Danish Morten Meldal, another of the winners in Chemistry, assured that what really drives research “is curiosity about what you can find”, not achieving an award like this.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Four women have won the award in recent years