Of 900 people with Nobel Prize, 6.17 percent are women

61 women have won the Nobel Prize throughout history

Berenice Chavarria Tenorio / Cimac News

Mexico City.- From 1901 to 2022, the Nobel Prize and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize for Economic Sciences (in memory of Alfred Nobel) have been awarded to 959 people and organizations, among which we can only see 61 womenthat is, only 6.17 percent of the total the and the “laureates”.

“Great invention”, “Revolutionary”, “Important find”are the adjectives that have historically been used to describe the reason why the Nobel Prize has been given to men.

While next to the names of the women who have received it can be read: “For your effort”, “For the accompaniment”among other adjectives that show the role they have played throughout history: that of seeking a space And be recognized.

Photography: Flickr

In a review he did Cimacnewsit was possible to identify that the 61 women who have obtained the Nobel Prize are:

Physical

This Nobel Prize has been awarded to 221 people, of which only four were women. It should be noted that in this category all of them obtained recognition for a joint work with a man, since gender discrimination relegated many female scientists to the point of blocking their attempts to undertake alone in this world that was “dominated by men”. .

Marie Curie, along with her husband Pierre Curie, was recognized for their joint research on radiation phenomena.

Chemistry

Since 1901, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to 189 people, of whom eight were women.

1911

1918

1935

1964

2009

2020

2022

1911: Marie Curie, “in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium, and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element.” She is the only woman to have received the Nobel Prize twice.

Although they were recognized, the names of many of them were forgotten. However, they left their mark on their time where the women were hardly incorporated into the science. To test the figures, because currently, only 30 percent of researchers and scientists in the world are womenaccording to information from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco).

Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize of Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to 225 people between 1901 and 2022, of these only 12 have been women.

1947

1977

1983

1986

1988

nineteen ninety five

2004

2008

2009

2014

2015

Gerty Theresa Cori was recognized alongside Carl Ferdinand Cori “for their discovery of the course of catalytic conversion of glycogen”

Literature

In the Nobel Prize for Literature it is not possible to notice a greater presence of womenbecause of the 119 people who have received the recognition, only 17 were women. For decades, literature has also been a space for the majority of men. In this regard, Gabriela Wiener, Peruvian chronicler and poet, assures that the women continue to build a literature “plus egalitarianless sexist Y heteronormal”.

“What not only I, but many female writers have wanted to break for some time now, is the idea of ​​a literature represented almost exclusively by males, whites, urbanites, heterosexuals; the idea of ​​a literature in which women are quotas, meritorious presences, but infinitely scarce, which end up masking inequality”.

In that sense, few women are recognized. In the case of the Nobel Prize, 17 have been awarded; however, to list the talent of so many others, a note would not be enough.

1909

1926

1928

1938

[1945

1966

1991

1993

nineteen ninety six

2004

2007

2009

2013

2015

2018

2020

2022

Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf “in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination, and spiritual insight that characterize her writings”

Peace

The Nobel Peace Prize It has been awarded to 140 people between 1901 and 2022, of which 18 were womenat the forefront of debates to achieve freedomguarantees to Rights of each and everyone and eradicate the violence.

On many occasions the search for peace has brought them violence. The organization International Amnesty highlights that against women defenders there have been documented attacks, tactics repressive by governments, perpetrated through threats, attempts to discredit their work, unjust imprisonment, torture and even murder.

1905

1931

1946

1976

1979

1982

1991

1992

1997

2003

2004

2011

2014

2018

2021

Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner “for her audacity to oppose the horrors of war”

Economic Sciences

In the Sveriges Riksbank Award in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelis where we can observe a lower representation of women, since of the 92 people to whom it has been granted from 1969 to 2022, only two are women.

Elinor Ostrom “for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons”

The above even when the United Nations Organization (UN) highlights that the inclusion of women on the economy “contributes directly to equality of genderthe eradication of poverty and inclusive economic growth. However, despite the mobilizations and advances that seek to promote these actions, there are still obstacles to achieving equitable participation.

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Photo: Flickr World Summit of Nobel Laureates 2017

With the small amount of women that have been recognized with Nobel Prize The question arises: how far should the governments so that women’s research, knowledge and creativity are promoted and recognized?

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Of 900 people with Nobel Prize, 6.17 percent are women