The winners from Ukraine, Russia and Belarus of the Nobel Peace Prize rejected Vladimir Putin’s “senseless and criminal” war, receiving on Saturday the prestigious award in Oslo.
Originally from the three main countries involved in the conflict, the Belarusian militant Ales Beliatski (imprisoned in his country), the Russian NGO Memorial (dissolved by justice) and the Center for Civil Liberties (CCL) of Ukraine, were honored for their commitment in favor of “the human rightsdemocracy and peaceful coexistence” against authoritarian forces.
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“The people of Ukraine want peace more than anyone else in the world,” declared the director of the CCL, Oleksandra Matviichukat the delivery ceremony.
“But peace for an attacked country is not achieved by laying down its arms. That would not be peace, but occupation,” he added.
Created in 2007, the CCL reports on the war crimes of Russian and pro-Russian troops in Ukraine.
After the Russian bombardments against the Ukrainian energy infrastructures, Matviichuk had to write his thank you speech Nobel by candlelight, he told AFP in an interview before the ceremony.
In nine months of russian invasion, the CCL counted “more than 27 thousand episodes” of cwar rimesaccording to her, and this is “just the tip of the iceberg.”
“War transforms people into numbers. We have to give back a name to all the victims of war crimes,” he said.
Putin’s “imperial aspirations”
With the voice broken by the emotion, Matviichuk once again called for the creation of an international tribunal to try “Putin, [su aliado, el dirigente bielorruso Alexander] Lukashenko and other war criminals”.
The president of Memorial, the Russian Yan Rachinskydenounced the “imperial aspirations” in his country, heirs to the USSR.
Putin’s Russia has distorted the historical meaning of the anti-fascist struggle “for the benefit of its own political interests. Now, resisting Russia is tantamount to fascism,” he insisted.
This distortion provides an “ideological justification for the senseless and criminal war of aggression against Ukraine“, he said, despite a ban imposed in Moscow on publicly criticizing the invasion.
Memorial, which was founded in 1989, was dedicated to denouncing the crimes committed during the Stalinist period of the Soviet Unionin addition to alerting of violations of human rights in Russia.
The Russian justice system dissolved this NGO at the end of 2021 and decided to requisition its offices on October 7 of this year, the same day it was given the Nobel peace.
“Currently, the number of political prisoners in Russia is higher than the total number in the entire Soviet Union at the beginning of the perestroika period in the 1980s,” Rachinski warned.
A slave dictatorship
The third laureate, the Belarusian activist Ales Beliatskifounder of the NGO for the defense of Viasna human rightshas been in jail since July 2021.
waiting for the judgment in which he can be sentenced to 12 years in prison for “smuggling” in favor of the opposition of the Lukashenko’s repressive regimethis 60-year-old militant was not authorized to broadcast a speech of thanks for the Nobel.
On his behalf, his wife Natalia Pinchukhad to limit himself to repeating some of his words, especially those that refer to the fight against “the international of dictatorships.”
In Ukraine, Russia wants to establish “a slave dictatorship, the same thing as in today’s Belarus, where the voice of the oppressed people is ignored, with Russian military bases, great economic dependency, a Russification of culture and language,” he said. .
“Goodness and truth must be able to protect themselves,” he added.
In another ceremony in Stockholm (Sweden), the other Nobel (Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Literature and Economics).
the french writer annie ernaux received the one for Literature, while the American Ben Bernake, former president of the Federal Reserve, picked up the one for Economics.
In total, this year up to 26 prizes were distributed Nobela particularly high figure that was due to the fact that the Nobel granted in 2020 and 2021, when the delivery ceremonies could not be held due to covid-19.
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On receiving Nobel Peace Prize, Ukrainians and Russians criticize Putin’s “senseless” war