The COP27 climate summit takes place, one more year, in a context of marked alarmism and deep suspicion towards companies and capitalism. Time and time again, the politicians and activists involved in such a campaign insist that the free market destroys the environment and propose all kinds of interventionist measures, ranging from tax increases or regulatory restrictions to bans and vetoes that would completely nullify certain sources. of energy.
Precisely for this reason it makes sense to take into consideration the perspective of those experts who have been concerned with this issue, but they have not done so with a viewpoint incompatible with economic freedom, but precisely with a pragmatic approach that recognizes and values the contributions that capitalism can do when it comes to achieving more energy efficiency and less environmental impact.
In this spirit, at Libre Mercado we have compiled four reference books in which four authors of recognized prestige approach this debate in a serene way Y fleeing the stubborn anti-capitalism that so often dominates the conversation. And it is that, as the Index of Economic Freedom shows, the countries with a higher level of openness to capitalism are also those that best conserve the environment, so that continuing to insist on the opposite goes against the protection of the environments and, at the same time, against our economic prosperity.
Michael Shellenberger is the author of “there is no apocalypse” (Deusto, 2021). His long career as an activist and disseminator in the field of environmentalism gives him great prestige. But, far from joining the mainstream, he considers that the climate movement is alarmist and contaminates the public debate with his continuous exaggerations. In his books, he defends that the nuclear or the fracking they are part of the solution, not the problem, as they offer a stable energy supply that is cheaper and less polluting.
In 2019 it came to light “the weather casino” (2019), signed by the Nobel Prize in Economics, William Nordhaus. The author is an eminence in the field of economic estimation of climate risks and subscribes to the climate concern that is being exposed at the COP27 summit. However, his studies show that the impact of environmental risks is more than acceptable and can be financed by introducing market solutions.Therefore, his work is of interest because, even starting from the same scientific bases that have led many to alarmism, Nordhaus commitment to adaptation and taking concrete measures.
3. Bjorn Lomborg.
Expert in environment and development, Danish Bjorn Lomborg is the author of “False alarm” (Deusto, 2020), an essay in which he shows that the cost derived from the worst climate scenarios predicted by science is around 2% of global GDP, so that the key would be to bet on introducing smart policies from the point of view of from a cost-benefit point of view and avoid generalized restrictions that only contribute to impoverishing the world population and do not produce notable changes in the environment.
4. “The Moral Question of Fossil Fuels.”
Alex Epstein is the author of “The moral issue of fossil fuels” (2021) Whenever you talk about fossil fuels, it seems that (1) we use them for fun, when we might not, and (2) their impact is negative, so there is no benefit to their use. Well then , this essay reminds us that (1) the contribution that fossil fuels make to economic production is, today, irreplaceable, and (2) their environmental impact is negative but has been significantly reduced over the years, while that its effect on socioeconomic development is clearly positive and has generated intense development during the last century.
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The 4 experts who knock down the alarmist and anti-capitalist messages of the Climate Summit