Over the years, and recently with world conflicts, it is remembered as Mexico Historically, it has been a country that receives foreigners who are not welcome in their country or who fear for their lives and leave everything behind to start their lives anew.
The most recent case is that of the family of the former president of the Peru, Pedro Castillo. His wife and his children arrived in the country on Wednesday, December 21. Similarly, it has been indicated that the former first lady of Peru was seen at the airport facilities Jorge Chavez in the city of Lima Peruwhere before boarding the plane she was intercepted by citizens who questioned her about her husband’s decisions, Pedro Castillo.
The president of Mexico has notified that they are already in the Mexico City both the family of Pedro Castillo like the mexican ambassador Paul Monroy who was declared by the Chancellery from that country as persona non-grata. The ambassador had a maximum period of 72 hours to leave the Peru.
Another case of asylum offered by the government of Mexico and also during the government of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, went to the former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, in 2019. It was all as a result of his resignation from office that led to a serious political and social crisis in that South American country.
On October 20, 2019, when in bolivian Elections were held to renew the Presidency, Vice-Presidency and Congress, it was when political instability began. Of start, Evo Morales should not have been on the ballot.
Two years earlier, a referendum held in bolivian the re-election was rejected, however, the electoral court, making questionable readings of the Constitution, backed down said consultation and placed Morales on the ballot
Consummated the election, on October 24 the Bolivian Supreme Electoral Tribunal announced that Evo Morales He would continue, in a fourth term, at the head of the country, winning with 47% of the votes and a difference of ten points.
meanwhile, in bolivian, protests against the re-election of Evo Morales, some more in favor of the then Bolivian president. As the days passed, the marches became more and more violent, for which a state of emergency was declared.
Then, Evo Morales He called for a rerun of the elections. However, that same day and –because of the null calm left by the call for new elections of Morales– the Bolivian Armed Forces and Police asked evo to resign his position. Evo Morales relented and under the argument of avoiding more violence, he resigned from the presidency of Bolivia. I would get to Mexico days after.
Other world-renowned characters were Leon Trotsky, Luis Bunuel, Rigoberta Menchu and even Fidel Castro. In addition to these characters, hundreds of Spanish families landed in the country when the Spanish civil war broke out, as well as other massive migrations.
In the case of Leon Trotsky It was during the presidency of Lazaro Cardenas, specifically in 1937 when the Mexican government agreed to give him political asylum. He was the leader of the then Soviet Union, Stalin, that he expelled from that country at that time one of the best known ideologues in the world.
As is well known in Mexican history, his political asylum would not have been possible without the help of D.Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo. In the Mexico City, in the Coyoacán Mayor’s Office, there is a museum known as the red house or Leon Trotsky House Museum that recounts the moments that he lived in the country.
Rigoberta Menchuwell-known Human Rights activist and winner of a Nobel Peace Prizecame to Mexico in 1980. She was not the only person from her country who received asylum because thousands of people tried to escape the Civil War with her.
Specific, Rigoberta Menchu escaped from Guatemala and applied for asylum in Mexico due to the persecution, kidnapping and murder of his relatives in that country. Years later, as mentioned, he would win the Nobel.
The well-known film director, Luis Bunuelwould come to Mexico due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, a war that would ultimately leave hundreds of thousands of people dead. It was also during the government of Lazaro Cardenas that from 1938 and until years later, around more than 30,000 families from that country would come to the Mexican republic hoping to start his life anew. Said director would work on his projects in the country and even with Silvia Pinal; years later he would be recognized as a citizen of Mexico.
One of the best known stories of political asylum in Mexico is, perhaps, the Fidel Castro. At first, and faithful to his revolutionary ideals, he would be categorically against the government of the then national leader Fulgencio Batista. It was in 1955, when he was almost 30 years old, that he would arrive in the country.
when he left Mexico I would go back to Cuba In the company of his men, he would eventually become the leader of the Cuban communist regime that is still standing to this day.
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The 5 famous people to whom Mexico gave asylum