These renowned awards reward and recognize excellence in disciplines as varied and important as physics, literature, economics, chemistry, psychology or medicine, and the well-known Nobel Peace Prize.
In the history of Nobel Prizes (they were inaugurated in 1901) seven Spaniards have been the protagonists of the international scene receiving such important recognition: José Echegaray, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Jacinto Benavente, Juan Ramón Jiménez, Severo Ochoa, Vicente Aleixandre and Camilo José Cela.
Who are the winners of the 2022 Nobel Prizes and why?
The Nobel Prizes are divided into categories. This recognition rewards research, trajectory and interest in knowledge. We explain who the winners of this year are and why:
- Nobel Prize in Physics: the Swedish Alain Aspect and the Austrian Anton Zeilinger, beneficiaries of the European Research Council, together with John F. Clauser (United States) are the winners in this category for their experiments with entangled photons and their value in quantum information.
- Nobel Prize for Literature: French writer Annie Ernaux wins this award for the courage and clinical precision with which she uncovers the roots, distances, and constraints of memory.
- Nobel Prize in Psychology or Medicine: also the Swedish Svante Pääbo, which received funding from the European Union through the European Research Council for the 100 Archaic Genomes project, he has been one of the winners for his discoveries on hominin genomes and human evolution.
- Nobel Peace Prize: Alex Bialiatski, Memorial and Center for Civil Liberties for representing civil society and fighting for human rights as well as democracy.
- Nobel Prize in Economics: Ben S. Bernanke, Douglas W. Diamond, and Philip H. Dybvi for their research on banks and financial crises.
- Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Meldal, and K. Barry Sharpless for click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry that have led to improved cancer treatments.
The importance of financing
Research depends on available funding. Aware of this, the European Union guarantees the viability of these projects by allocating financial resources.
An example of this is the aid of the European Research Councilthe program Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) or the Europa Nostra Awards.In the latter, for example, a European project of which Spain is a part, Silknow, has developed a computer system that allows expanding knowledge and facilitating understanding of the legacy of silk, and has been the winner of the category ´Innovation ´.
These are just some of the European funding programs for research. If you want to know more, you can consult the funding programs of the European Union.
What are the Nobel prizes?
alfred nobel (1833-1896) He was a Swedish inventor and chemist and one of the greatest minds of the 19th century.. Thanks to his work, nitroglycerin became a new explosive technology complemented by his own invention. alfred nobelof the detonator.
In the 1960s, the tireless genius also developed dynamite. In addition to this, throughout his entire life, issued more than 350 patents. A career that explains why he is now remembered with the most important and most recognized awards in the world, the Nobel Prizes, which bear his name.
We would love to say thanks to the author of this short article for this awesome web content
The Nobel Prizes 2022 and their European winners