The Governing Council of the Community of Madrid has declared today Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC) the personal archive of the poet and Nobel Prize for Literature Vicente Aleixandre for its cultural and historical importance and for the bibliographic and archival value of the documentary set. In this way, his legacy will have maximum protection with the aim of guaranteeing its adequate conservation, avoiding its export and facilitating the study of the figure and the creative process of the writer.
Due to the variety and relevance of the assets it includes, the archive has a high heritage value and represents the living memory of Aleixandre (1898-1984), who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1977. In addition, it is of great importance for understanding the history of contemporary Spanish literature.
It stands out for its singularity, unity and integrity and is made up of an important collection of documents – about 6,400 documents– and the total volume of its library, made up of 4,250 units, many of them first editions. It also includes other elements such as paintings, engravings and even personal objects such as his glasses, the coat or the tailcoat that he wore for the ceremony of admission to the Royal Spanish Academy in 1950.
The importance of the documents lies not only in the fact that they are original manuscripts, but in the information and data they provide, which allow us to know the work and the figure of the author as well as his relationship with other poets, writers and intellectuals.
In fact, the documentary collection of the archive has manuscripts in verse and prose, poems, some of which appear as unpublished; galleys of the author’s works with handwritten notes, as well as a very interesting correspondence with authors and thinkers of the stature of Pio Baroja, Gregorio Maranon, Luis Cernuda, Max Aub, Raphael Alberti, Gerardo Diego, Luis Antonio de VillenaJuan Luis and Leopoldo Panero, Octavio Paz, Carmen Balcells, Camilo José Cela, Jaime Gil de Biedma and José Manuel Caballero Bonald.
In the manuscripts, the poetic evolution of his work can be followed, from the preliminary writings to the final poems, which are the result of various versions of the work until its completion. Thus, it is a fundamental source for researchers and scholars of Aleixandre’s legacy, who served as a great teacher for other postwar writers.
The treasured bibliographic material is very extensive, with volumes published between the end of the 19th century and the end of the 20th century. Books of poetry, narrative and, finally, biographies, history books and literary criticism stand out.
In addition to the works written by Aleixandre -whose death is now 38 years old-, the library has copies of his colleagues from the Generation of ’27, the Postwar Literary Generation and South American poets, as well as magazines from various poetic movements. and a multitude of publications with handwritten dedications addressed to the Nobel Prize, which can give an idea of the possible influences of his work. All these elements have led the Governing Council of the Community of Madrid to decree, with the support of the pertinent technical reports, the declaration as BIC of the personal file of Vicente Aleixandre.
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The personal archive of Nobel Prize winner Vicente Aleixandre has been declared an Asset of Cultural Interest