Their literary voices

The practice of a clandestine abortion, the loss of her virginity, the death of her father, her mother’s Alzheimer’s diagnosis, the existence of a sister, of whom she had no knowledge, are some of the issues addressed by the most recent winner of Nobel Prize for Literature, annie ernauxwho has developed a large part of his work through autofiction, those narratives inspired by his personal experiences with certain elements of history or sociology, since he assumes that his experiences could have happened to other people or are similar to them, and from from them, particular interpretations of the world can be propitiated.

The newly awarded is the seventeenth woman awarded with the laureatea figure that represents just under 10 percent of all people winners of the same, having as predecessor the polish Olga Tokarczuk (2018), iron defender of use of the imagination on the literary creation and the combination of the autobiography with the history and the philosophyin addition to the hybridization of literary genres, such as crime novels and poetry, vehicles for reflecting on such contemporary problems as ecological disasters or experiences in rural Poland.

“You who do not remember / the passage of another world, I tell you / could speak again: what returns from oblivion returns / to find a voice” sentences the American poet Louise Gluck, awarded in 2020recognized for her contributions to contemporary poetry, but also for the dissection of femininity, the contrast between fullness and emptiness, the way out of boredom, because in her verses she also affirms that routine and everyday life demand to be discarded and rebuilt , or else, boredom is positioned, and the author’s own experiences appear.

at the end of 2015after awarding those journalistic stories in which the experiences of those who woke up with a nuclear spill in their hometown, or the heartbreaking experiences of women in times of war, systematically silenced, or of those who worked in the mines zinc, among many other voices, made by the Belarusian journalist, Svetlana Alexievichthe possibility of journalism being considered as a literary exercise, grounded in reality, was discussed.

Specialist in the story and self-taught for learning literary expression, because, as she herself assured, she could only do it in her spare time, Alice Munro it was decorated in 2013, for his commitment to modern realism, resorting to characters that are so apparently common, but that in their daily lives contain enormous complexity. In addition to unleashing emotions and untying situations in which calm persists until a minimum detail modifies the trajectories of that in parsimony.

Years before, the award was given to the German author, based in Romania, Hertha Muller, whose works include “The Beast of the Heart”, centered on a suicide as a trigger for the denunciation of the suffocation felt by some people during the communist regime, with some emphasis on the experiences of women. Or in “Man is a great pheasant of the world” the life of the German community in the southern European country is portrayed, and likewise, the circumstances of the women.

Prior to these awards, one of the most important in the literary world, the Austrian Elifrede Jelinek was recognized for her avant-garde, but, in her work, the vindication of eroticism and women’s sexuality, but also the good use of the word, through the verses of her poetry, and her questioning of the values ​​intended by the societies.

Before them, honors were given to the polish, Wislawa Szymborska; to the British, Doris Lessingfor his feminism Y anticolonialism; to defender of the civil rights of the African American populations, Tony Morrison; the first writer to speak about the HIV situation in South Africa, as well as the need for social equality, Nadin Gordimer; the narrator of the life of the Jews in exile, caused by the Second World War, Nelly Sachs; The only one writer Latin American recognized with the award Gabriela Mistral: Asian-born American parent child rights advocate, Pearl Buck; the medievalist and analyst of love as an emotion, sigrid undset; the narrator of daily life on the island of Sardinia, Grace Deleddaand the first to receive the award, selma lagerlofsuffragist and storyteller for girls and boys.

So far, the voices of the women on the literature they have been partially listened to, since there have been few that have been given the corresponding attention and focus. A small number have been recognized for their quality. Therefore, it is very important to continue highlighting the literary contributions of the women writersto serve as an inspiration to those who wish to express themselves in this way, who dream of publishing, writing to narrate the adventures of their grandmothershis mothers, of themselves; of their private environment, of the daily violence they suffer for being women; of your exercises maternity; of their migratory processes; of their care work; of their concerns, among many other topics that enrich the experiences of human beings and in which the great social problems are deepened, which, not because they are in more private spaces, cease to be relevant for the future of humanity.

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Their literary voices