Today is the prominent day, this week from November 28 to December 4, the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, a commemoration instituted by the United Nations (UN) in December 1995. In addition, December 4 is the anniversary 5 years after the death of the poet José Ribamar Ferreira, Ferreira Gullar, known for being one of the founders of Neo-Concreteism, a movement that defended subjectivity in poetry and the plastic arts.
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
Established by the UN on December 22, 1995, the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery was conceived as a commemoration and a warning. In 1949, more precisely on December 2, the UN approved Resolution No. 317, which later adopted the Convention for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others. Therefore, the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery was designed to mark this achievement.
More than 12 million Africans were brought to America in conditions of slavery. Of these, about half reached Brazil. After 100 years, since the abolition of slavery in Brazil, there are still several reflections of this time in today’s society. Inequality and social injustice, for example, can be a picture of a time when blacks were treated like a commodity, with no rights in their favor.
The date was also instituted to remember and combat contemporary slavery, still present in the world. Work analogous to slavery, in addition to violating human rights, is also contrary to the penal code. The International Labor Organization (ILO), in data from 2020, affirms that in Brazil 936 workers were rescued in situations analogous to slavery.
In a 2015 report, Caminhos da Reportagem from TV Brazil he portrayed the echoes of slavery and how this time it marked the history of Brazil.
Died on December 4, 2016 at the age of 86, the writer José Ribamar Ferreira, better known by his pseudonym Ferreira Gullar, was very important in the history of Brazilian poetry. In 2002, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature and in 2014 he was immortalized and became a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Born in Maranhão, Gullar is the author of several works, such as Um Little About do Chão (1949), To Luta Corporal (1954) and Poems (1958). During his exile in the Argentine capital, he wrote the play Sujo Poem (1976), one of his best known. See below, from minute 15 onwards, the interview with the writer, in 2012, for the program ABZ do Ziraldo from TV Brazil .
National Park Iguazu
November 28 will mark 35 years of recognition, by UNESCO, of the Iguazú National Park as a Natural Heritage of Humanity. From Tupi-Guaraní, Iguaçu means “big water”, the name given to the falls by the indigenous people who inhabited the place. Created through a decree signed by President Getúlio Vargas in 1939, the park is rich in natural beauty and attracts tourists from all over the world.
Today is Day – Iguazu Falls. – Alan Santos / PR
Located in Paraná, 17 kilometers (km) from the city of Foz do Iguaçu and 5 km from Foz do Iguaçu International Airport, the Iguaçu National Park is a federal conservation unit that covers 1,700 km². Its biome is the Atlantic Forest and it is home to species important to Brazilian biodiversity. In addition to the recognition of World Natural Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in 2012 the Iguazu Falls were chosen as one of the seven wonders of the world.
Below you can see the program visit Parks do Brasil , on TV Brazil , to the Iguaçu National Park.
National Samba Day
The Bahia City Council established December 2 as Dia do Samba. On this date, in 1960, the composer Ary Barroso arrived in Salvador, known for his sambas, born in Minas Gerais. By then, samba was already known throughout the world, however Bahia and Brazil were eternally marked by its compositions. Samba, known for its different styles and types, marks the daily life of Brazilians.
See the chronicle on the origin of Dia do Samba by Rogério Sacchi de Frontein to TV Brazil .
World aids day
December 1 is World AIDS Day. The date was established in 1988 by the UN, with the support of the World Health Organization (WHO), in favor of the prevention and control of AIDS. On this day, it is common for various monuments of the world to be illuminated in red.
Although science has developed drugs that block the spread of the virus throughout the body and allow a good quality of life, scientists have yet to find a cure. Searches for the definitive vaccine against the disease continue. In Brazil, access to treatment and its forms of prevention are guaranteed by the Unified Health System (SUS).
The program Science is Everything from TV Brazil detailed the fight against the virus in the following video.
* Under the supervision of Alessandra Esteves
* With production by Simone Magalhães
Consult the weekly list Today is a day with dates, historical facts and holidays
November 28, 2021 to December 4, 2021
Birth of the singer, composer and writer Uday Vellozo from Rio de Janeiro, Benito di Paula (80 years old)
Recognition of the Iguazú National Park as a Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO (35 years)
Birth of the actor and humorist from Rio Grande do Sul Walter D’Ávila (110 years old)
Death of the Rio de Janeiro singer and composer Nicanor de Paulo Ribeiro Filho, Ari Cordovil (40 years old)
Birth of the writer Conceição Evaristo de Minas Gerais (75 years)
Death of English guitarist, singer, songwriter, music producer and filmmaker George Harrison (20 years)
Air accident in Colombia leaves 71 dead and 6 injured, including members of the Chapecoense football club (05 years)
The marriage treaty between D. Pedro and D. Leopoldina (205 years) signed in Vienna
The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People – international commemoration instituted by the UN; Its purpose is to mark the date of approval of resolution No. 181 of November 29, 1947 in the 2nd session of the UN General Assembly itself, which then dealt with the partition of Palestine, and which made possible the creation of the State. From Israel
Inauguration of the Brasilia National Park (60 years)
Death of the jurist from Minas Gerais, Heraclitus Fontoura Sobral Pinto (30 years old) – was a staunch defender of human rights, especially during the Estado Novo dictatorship and the military dictatorship that was installed after the 1964 coup
Birth of the Bahian politician and magistrate Luiz Vianna, Luís Viana (175 years old) – it was during the government of Luís Viana, Bahia, that the War of Canudos took place, a conflict that negatively affected his popularity as governor.
Brazil ranked first in two of the nine categories of the largest scientific award for developing countries in the world, the World Academy of Sciences for the Advancement of Science in Developing Countries (TWAS) (05 years) – in Social Sciences, a The winner was Marilda Sotomayor, retired professor at the University of São Paulo (SP) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). His research addresses a specific branch of game theory called market matching. Lorenzo Justiniano Díaz Casado, in turn, a mathematician from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), is a specialist in Dynamic Systems Theory, who studies any physical, chemical, biological or economic phenomenon whose evolution over time can be predicted and described by a mathematical law
Evangelical Day: considered a holiday in the official calendar of the Federal District. Established by Law No. 12,328, of September 15, 2010, the date honors those who follow this aspect of Christian doctrine.
Opening of Santos Dumont Airport (85 years)
Earthquake of 5.1 degrees on the Richter scale hits the city of João Câmara, in Rio Grande do Norte (35 years)
Birth of the novelist, writer, journalist, playwright and author of soap operas Paulista Walcyr Carrasco (70 years)
Birth of the American musician and composer Jaco Pastorius (70 years old), considered one of the most influential bassists of all time.
Birth of the journalist and writer from Pernambuco Nestor de Holanda (100 years)
Death of the Rio de Janeiro composer and lyricist Antônio de Pádua Vieira da Costa, Luís Antônio (25 years old)
World AIDS Day: international commemoration, with the support of the WHO; It is mentioned in Resolution A / RES / 43/15 of October 27, 1988 of the 38th session of the UN General Assembly, in support of the Prevention and Control of AIDS, which is celebrated with red lighting on monuments from various countries of the world.
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery: commemoration instituted by the UN in Resolution No. 50/167 of December 22, 1995, to mark the date of approval of Resolution No. 317 of the 4th Session of the General Assembly of the UN on December 2. 1949, which later adopted the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
National Samba Day
National Astronomy Day
First broadcast on TV Brasil (14 years old)
Birth of São Paulo guitarist Marcelo Fromer (60 years) – member of the band Titãs, was run over in São Paulo
International Day of Persons with Disabilities: commemoration instituted by the 37th Special Plenary Session on Disability of the UN General Assembly, through Resolution 47/3 of October 14, 1992, to mark the date of adoption of the World Program of Action for People with Disabilities. Disability that was created on December 3, 1982 in another UN Assembly
National Day to Combat Piracy and Biopiracy
Birth of the singer from São Paulo, Mayra Corrêa Aygadoux, Maria Gadu (35 years old)
Death of the poet José Ribamar Ferreira, Ferreira Gullar (05 years)
Text translated by artificial intelligence.
We wish to say thanks to the writer of this article for this awesome material
Today is the Day: Abolition of Slavery and Samba Day