Today’s ephemeris, December 10, 2022. What happened on December 10? –

on a day like today 1710During the War of the Spanish Succession, the Bourbon aspirant, the Frenchman Felipe de Anjou (future Felipe V) secures the throne of Spain after the defeat of the Austrian claimant (Archduke Carlos) in the Battle of Villaviciosa (Guadalajara). In 1763, the first national lottery draw is held in Spain. In 1906 Santiago Ramón y Cajal receives the Nobel Prize in Medicine. In 1936, Edward VIII of England draws up and signs his abdication from the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson. His reign lasted 327 days. The shortest of all.

What happened on December 10?

1710/ War of the Spanish Succession: The Bourbon aspirant, the Frenchman Philip of Anjou (future Philip V) secures the throne of Spain after the defeat of the Austrian claimant (Archduke Charles) at the Battle of Villaviciosa (Guadalajara).

1763/ First national lottery draw in Spain.

1809/ Surrender of Gerona after six months of siege by French troops.

1848/ The future Napoleon III, elected by majority in the elections for President of the French Republic.

1860/ For the first time in history women vote; It occurs in the US state of Wyoming.

1898/ End of the Spanish-American War: Spain signs the Treaty of Paris with the US, renouncing its sovereignty over Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam.

1901/ First meeting of the commissions in charge of awarding the Nobel Prize that agree to award it annually on this date.

1903/ Pierre and Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel win the Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies on radioactivity.

1906/ Roosevelt, Nobel Peace Prize. Ramón y Cajal, shared Nobel Prize in Medicine.

1911/ Marie Curie receives her second Nobel Prize, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of radium.

1922 / Albert Einstein receives the Nobel Prize in Physics for his advances in quantum theory, not for the theory of Relativity.

1936/ Edward VIII of England drafts and signs his abdication from the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson. Her reign lasted 327 days. The shortest of all.

1941/ World War II: The Japanese Navy sinks the English battleships “Prince of Wales” and “Repulse”.

1948/ The UN General Assembly approves the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris

1957/ Albert Camus wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1959/ Severo Ochoa, Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology together with his American disciple Arthur Kornberg.

1964/ Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize and ensures that every penny of the $54,000 award will be used for the civil rights movement.

1966/ The album “Got live if you wanted!” by The Rolling Stones is released, only for the US.

1981/ The NATO countries sign the accession protocol for Spain in Brussels.

1983/ The Polish leader Lech Walesa receives the Nobel Peace Prize from his wife.

1986/ A group of American astronomers discovers seven new galaxies.

1993/ Former South African presidents Mandela and De Klerk receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

>> DOOM, one of the most influential computer games in the FPS genre, is released.

1998/ Judge Garzón prosecutes Pinochet for the crimes of genocide, terrorism and torture.

2000/ Spain wins the tennis Davis Cup for the first time.

2008/ General strike in Greece called by the unions in a civil conflict that lasted fifteen days.

2010/ The Chinese authorities deny the imprisoned Chinese activist Liu Xiaobo to travel to collect the Nobel Peace Prize.

2013/ More than 90,000 people attend the funeral of former South African President Nelson Mandela in Soweto, an act in which Obama and Raúl Castro greet each other.

2019/ Sanna Marin, 34, is elected Prime Minister of Finland, becoming the youngest president in the world.

2020/ The Pazo de Meirás, Francisco Franco’s summer residence, becomes a Spanish National Patrimony, after years of litigation with the dictator’s heirs.

>> The Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid, the first in Spain to implant, with minimally invasive surgery, a transcatheter mitral valve prosthesis in two patients with severe mitral valve disease. It was not necessary to stop and open the heart.

What happened on December 10 in America?

1893/ The Nicaraguan Assembly promulgates a Constitution with broad liberal concessions.


1967/ The Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias, Nobel Prize in Literature.

1971/ The Chilean Pablo Neruda receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1980/ The Argentine architect Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Nobel Peace Prize.

1982/ Gabriel García Márquez receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1983/ Raúl Alfonsín assumes the presidency of Argentina.

1990/ The Mexican Octavio Paz receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1999/ The Peronist Carlos Menem transfers the presidency to Fernando de la Rúa, from the center left.

2007/ Cristina Fernández takes over from her husband, Nestor Kirchner, in the Presidency of Argentina.

2010/ Mario Vargas Llosa receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.

2015/ Mauricio Macri is sworn in as president of Argentina.

2019/ The Peronist Alberto Fernández assumes the presidency of Argentina.

2020/ Airbnb opens on Wall Street.

>> A museum dedicated to the 17 Latin American Nobel Prize winners is inaugurated in Buenos Aires.

Who was born on December 10?

1815/ Ada Byron, British mathematician, the first computer programmer in history.

1902/ Dulce María Loynaz, Cuban writer.

1908/ Olivier Messaiaen, French composer

1923/ Jorge Semprún, Spanish politician and writer.

1931/ Gonzalo Anes, Spanish historian.

1936/ Ramón Arcusa, singer of the “Dinámico Duo”.

1960/ Kenneth Branagh, British actor and filmmaker.

1989/ Marion Maréchal, French politician.

2014/ Jacques Honoré Rainier Grimaldi, heir to the Principality of Monaco, and his twin sister, Gabrielle Therese Marie.

Who died on December 10?

1896/ Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and founder of the prizes that bear his name

1936/ Luigi Pirandello, Italian playwright, Nobel Prize for Literature 1934.

1967/ Otis Redding, American singer.

1978/ Emilio Portes Gil, president of Mexico from 1928 to 1930.

1992/ Celia Gámez, Argentine, singer and magazine actress.

1993/ Juan Antonio Cabezas, Spanish writer and journalist.

2005/ Eugene McCarthy, former US Democratic Senator.

2006/ Augusto Pinochet, Chilean dictator.

2012/ Antonio Cubillo, Canarian independence leader.

2019/ Yuri Luzhkov, Russian politician.

>> Pep Cortés, Valencian actor and theater director.

2020/ Antonio L. Bouza, Spanish poet and literary critic.

Santoral of December 10.

  • Our Lady of Loreto.
  • Eulalia from Merida.
  • Julia.
  • Melquiades.

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Today’s ephemeris, December 10, 2022. What happened on December 10? –