Today’s ephemeris, November 22, 2022

In 1962 United States President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas. In 1975Juan Carlos I de Borbón is sworn in as King of Spain. In 1990 Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as UK Prime Minister

What happened on November 22 of…?

1462/ First written record of the arrival of the gypsies in Andalusia.

1497/ The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa).

1822/ The Congress of Verona (Italy) decides to send to Spain the One Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis.

1873/ The French transatlantic “Ville du Havre” sinks due to boarding on its way to New York, killing 226 people.

1928/ The work “Bolero”, by the French composer Maurice Ravel, premieres at the Paris Opera.

1934/ The engineer and pilot Ramón Torres, the first Spanish aviator to cross the Sahara, begins his flight to Africa.

1943/ Lebanon gains its independence from France.

1955/ The USSR explodes a hydrogen bomb in Siberia.

1956/ Inauguration in Melbourne (Australia) of the XVI Olympic Games.

1963/ The President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, is shot dead in Dallas.

1966/ The Spanish Parliament approves by acclamation the Organic Law of the State, which modifies the political legislation.

1975/ Juan Carlos I de Borbón is sworn in as King of Spain.

1977/ Spain and Portugal sign a friendship treaty that replaces the Iberian Pact.

>> The Concorde makes its first direct flight between Paris and New York.

1978/ The Spanish Parliament approves the Statute of Autonomy of Galicia.

1986/ Prince Felipe chairs in Oviedo, for the first time alone, the delivery of the Prince of Asturias Awards.

1989/ The president of Lebanon René Muawad and 14 other people are assassinated in Beirut, when a powerful device explodes.

1990/ Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1993/ Qatar Airways is founded.

1995/ Simón Peres becomes the head of the XII Government of Israel when he is sworn in before the Parliament in Jerusalem.

>> Pixar Animation Studios releases Toy Story, the first CG-created feature film.

2000/ Detected in Galicia the first case of “mad cows” in Spain.

2004/ One day after the presidential elections in Ukraine, the Central Election Commission declares Prime Minister Victor Yukanovich the winner. The opposition leader, Víctor Yuschenko calls on his supporters to undertake massive protest actions for electoral fraud. The “orange revolution” begins.

2005/ The Bundestag elects the conservative Angela Merkel the new chancellor. She is the first woman in German history to come to office.

2006/ The Hospital Clínic de Barcelona successfully performs, for the first time in Spain, a kidney transplant from a living donor with a blood group incompatible with the recipient.

2010/ The German Government announces the suspension of compulsory military service as of July 1, 2011.

>> 351 people die and 750 are injured in a stampede in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, during the Water Festival.

2013/ The Norwegian Magnus Carlsen is proclaimed world chess champion at the age of 22 after defeating Viswanathan Anand.

2017/ The ICTY sentences the former Bosnian Serb soldier Ratko Mladic to life imprisonment for genocide and war crimes.

2018/ Pedro Sánchez makes an official visit to Cuba, the first in 32 years to the island of a head of the Executive of Spain.

What happened on November 22 in America?

1824/ Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua promulgate the Constitution that unites the five countries in a Federation governed by a president, although it leaves wide freedom to the heads of each State.

1955/ After the overthrow of Argentine President Juan Domingo Perón, the embalmed corpse of Eva Perón is kidnapped.

1969/ Signed in San José, Costa Rica, the American Convention on Human Rights, the so-called Pact of San José.

1983/ The Colombian National Liberation Army (ELN) kidnaps Jaime Betancur Cuartas, brother of the President of the Republic, Belisario Betancur, in Bogotá.

1992/ The pro-government coalition “Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría” wins the constituent elections in Peru.

2002/ The Argentine Government announces the end of the banking “corralito” for the following December 2, imposed the previous year.

2006/ The United States and Colombia sign a Free Trade Agreement that must be approved by the parliaments of both countries.

2015/ The conservative Mauricio Macri is elected president of Argentina.

Who was born on November 22?

1869/ André Gide, French writer. Nobel Prize in 1947.

1890/ Charles De Gaulle, French military man and statesman.

1901/ Joaquín Rodrigo, Spanish composer.

1935/ Esperanza Roy, Spanish actress.

1940/ Terry Gilliam, American actor, director and illustrator.

1942/ Héctor Antonio Aguilar, Héctor del Mar, Spanish-Argentine sports commentator.

1947/ Alfredo Cristiani, former president of El Salvador.

1948/ Radomir Antic, former Serbian football player and coach.

1950/ Paloma San Basilio, Spanish singer.

1958/ Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress.

1967/ Boris Becker, German tennis player.

1968/ Irina Privalova, Russian athlete.

1979/ Raúl Arévalo, Spanish actor and film director

1984/ Scarlett Johansson, American actress of European descent.

1986/ Oscar Pistorius, South African athlete.

1995/ Katherine McNamara, American actress.

Who died on November 22?

1908/ Claude Paul Taffanel, French musician.

1916/ Jack London, American writer.

1929/ Jaime Ferrán, Spanish microbiologist.

1937/ Philip Laszlo, British painter.

1963/ John F. Kennedy, President of the United States.

>> Aldous Huxley, English writer.

1980/ Mae West, American actress.

1996/ María Casares, Spanish actress.

1998/ José Antonio Plaza, Spanish journalist.

2002/ Infanta Beatriz de Borbón y Battemberg, daughter of Alfonso XIII

2007/ Maurice Bejart, French choreographer.

>> Lola Massieu, Spanish painter.

2011/ Lynn Margulis, American scientist.

>> Paul Motian, American jazz drummer.

2012/ Bryce Courtenay, South African writer, living in Australia.

2018/ José Luis Pellicena, Spanish actor.

Santoral of November 22.

  • Cecilia.
  • Ananias.
  • Frames.
  • Mauro.
  • Philemon.

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Today’s ephemeris, November 22, 2022