In the ephemeris of December 8 These events that occurred on a day like today in Argentina and the world stand out:
1854. The dogma of the Immaculate Conception
Pope Pius IX proclaims in Rome the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, by which the Church manifests that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary through the Holy Spirit, free from original sin. Four years later, in Lourdes, France, the young Bernadette Soubirous will affirm that the Virgin appeared to her and confirmed her Immaculate Conception.
1865. Jean Sibelius is born
Finnish composer Jean Sibelius is born, one of the most outstanding of the 20th century. In his production, seven symphonies stand out, the violin concerto and orchestral pieces such as tapiolathe sad waltz Y Finland, which became a symbolism of nationalism in his country. He died in 1957.
1886. Diego Rivera is born
In Guanajuato the painter was born Diego Rivera, one of the greatest Mexican artists. Together with José Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros represented the pinnacle of muralism in the years following the Mexican Revolution. He was married to Frida Kahlo and while she was in New York, when he painted commissioned at the Rockefeller Center, he made a charcoal portrait of an Argentine child living in the Big Apple: Astor Piazzolla. He illustrated the General sing of Pablo Neruda and he made murals in the National Palace and in the Museum of the Insurgents. He passed away in 1957.
1914. The battle of the Malvinas
Battle of the Malvinas: in the framework of the First World War, the British navy defeats the Germans in the archipelago that the United Kingdom has occupied since 1833. In combat, the German commander Maximilian von Spee died, whose name would be given to the pocket battleship that would star in the Battle of the Río de la Plata in the following world war.
1977. The kidnappings of the Holy Cross
Operative in the Church of the Holy Cross. A Navy task force kidnaps the mothers of Plaza de Mayo María Ponce de Bianco and Esther Ballestrino de Careaga, Alice Domon, Angela Aguad, Raquel Bullit, Eduardo Horane and Patricia Oviedo. In other operations they kidnap Léonie Duquet, Remo Berardo, Horacio Elbert and Julio Fondovila. Ballestrino and Ponce were founders of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. Duquet and Domon were French nuns who collaborated with the families of the disappeared. They had met to raise funds for a solicitation. The group was infiltrated by Alfredo Astiz. 48 hours later, the marines kidnapped Azucena Villaflor, from the original group of Madres, in Avellaneda. They were all killed at ESMA. The remains of Ponce, Ballestino, Duquet and Auad were recovered and They are in the Solar de la Memoria, inside the Church of the Holy Cross.
1980. The murder of John Lennon
John Lennon is assassinated in New York by Mark David Chapman. The former beatle receives four bullets in the back when entering the Dakota building, where he lived. He was taken in a patrol car to a hospital, but doctors were unable to save him. He was 40 years old. The news was announced by sports commentator Howard Cosell while broadcasting a football game on TV. Chapman, 25, was an insane fanatic, who decided to kill Lennon considering that he had deviated from the ideals of the 60s. The afternoon of the crime he was at the door of the Dakota and Lennon signed him a copy of Double Fantasythe album with which he had returned to music after five years. The crime caused a deep impact. Yoko Ono, Lennon’s widow, cremated the body and scattered the ashes in Central Park. Chapman turned himself in at the time of the incident.: He was sentenced to life for the murder and has been denied parole requests ever since.
1982. García Márquez and the Nobel speech
Gabriel Garcia Marquez delivers his acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Literature at the Swedish Academy in Stockholm. The text is titled The loneliness of Latin America. Two days later, the writer receives the award from the King of Sweden.
1985. Argentines Jrs. vs. Juventus, or David against Goliath
Argentines Jrs. close to glory in the Intercontinental Cup final against the powerful Juventus, European champion. La Paternal’s team fell on penalties in Tokyo after a vibrant 2-2, in one of the most memorable matches in history, considered the best of all intercontinental finals. Carlos Ereros opens the account 10 minutes into the second half. At 18 Michel Platini tied. At 20, José Castro puts it 2 to 1. With 8 minutes remaining, Michael Laudrup equalizes. After the supplementary, comes the definition from the twelve steps. On penalties, the Italians win 4-2.
1987. The tragedy of Alianza Lima
All the members of the Alianza Lima club die, one of the most popular in Peru. The plane carrying the team crashes into the Pacific Ocean. 43 people died in the tragedy. Only the pilot is saved. Among the dead is Marcos Calderón, the coach of the Peruvian team in the 1978 World Cup.
1994. Farewell to Tom Jobim
Antônio Carlos Jobim, central figure of bossa nova, dies in New York. Tom Jobim he was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1927. He renewed popular music from his association with Vinicius de Moraes. Together they wrote “Garota de Ipanema”, the emblematic song of bossa nova. He also recorded with Elis Regina the memorable album Elis&Tomin 1974.
2002. Las Leonas, world champions
The female hockey team, Las Leonas, obtains its first world title. Two years after the silver medal in the Olympic Games in Sydney, the Argentine girls defeated the Dutch team in the final of the Perth World Cup in Australia. The game ends 1-1 and the Leonas win on penalties 4-3. They will repeat the title in Rosario in 2010.
2020. Alejandro Sabella dies
at 66 years old Alejandro Sabella dies. He was the coach who led the National Team to the soccer world championship runner-up in 2014. As DT, it was champion of America with Estudiantes in 2009 and won the Opening 2010. Emerging from the lower ranks of River, he went through English football before standing out in Estudiantes, two-time champions in 1982 and 1983. In addition, he was Daniel Passarella’s assistant before becoming a coach.
In addition, it is a national holiday for the Immaculate Conception’s Day.
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Today’s ephemeris: what happened on December 8 | Events that occurred in Argentina and the world