In the ephemeris of November 27 These events that occurred on a day like today in Argentina and the world stand out:
● 1895. The Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, creator of dynamite, signs his will, in which he states that his fortune must finance an award designed to recognize achievements in five categories: chemistry, physics, medicine, literature and preservation of peace. This is how the Nobel prizes are born, which are awarded every December 10, the anniversary of the death of their creator.
● 1896. Symphonic poem premieres in Frankfurt Thus spoke Zarathustraby Richard Strauss, inspired by the homonymous book by Friedrich Nietzsche. The introduction would achieve unusual fame when used by director Stanley Kubrick as the leitmotif of his film 2001: Space Odyssey.
● 1923. Duilio Marzio is born, one of the actors with the longest career on the national scene, and who came to study at the Actor’s Studio in New York. He was seen in movies like The boss, Paula captive and La Raulito. He also acted in theater. One of his final works was the theatrical adaptation of The last meeting, based on the novel by Sandor Marai. He died in 2013.
● 1942. Jimi Hendrix, one of the most influential guitarists in history, was born in Seattle. Together with The Jimi Hendrix Experience, he shook the rock of the 60s when he released the album Are You Experienced? in 1967. He was one of the artists who played Woodstock in August 1969. He died in London in 1970: he ingested barbiturates and choked on his own vomit. He is part of the group of rock stars who died at the age of 27 between the late 60s and early 70s, along with Brian Jones, Janis Joplin and Jim Morrison.
● 1955. Swiss composer Arthur Honegger, famous for his orchestral work, dies at 63 Pacific 231, inspired by the sound of a train locomotive. The oratorio also stands out in its production Joan of Arc.
● 1970. Bolivian painter Benjamin Mendoza y Amor attacks Pope Paul VI in Manila, seconds after he got off the plane that had taken him to the capital of the Philippines. Disguised as a priest, he rushes on the Pontiff and stabs him in the chest with a dagger, causing little serious injury. The bishops surrounding the Pope reduce the aggressor. Later he will say that he did not want to kill him, that he wanted to make a surrealist work of art. Convicted of attempted murder, he returned to Bolivia shortly thereafter and died in 2014.
● 1978. Harvey Milk, the first gay activist to reach public office in American politics, is assassinated along with San Francisco Mayor George Moscone. Another civil servant, Dan White, kills them with bullets, after having left his post and not being readmitted when he wanted to return to public service. The killer received a seven-year prison sentence and committed suicide in 1985. Milk, Gus Van Sant’s film with Sean Penn, recreates the life of the gay rights activist.
● 1983. A Boeing 787 traveling from Paris to Madrid crashes minutes before landing at Barajas airport. 181 people die and there are eleven survivors. Among the fatal victims are five figures who had traveled to France for the First Encounter of Hispano-American Culture: the Uruguayan literary critic Ángel Rama, the Peruvian writer Manuel Scorza, the Mexican writer Jorge Ibargüengoitia, the Argentine art critic Marta Traba and the pianist Spanish Rosa Sabater.
● 2011. At the age of 101, Eugenia Priest of Lustig dies. She was born in Turin and was the cousin of the Nobel Prize winner Rita Levi-Montalcini, who also died a hundred years old. He emigrated to Argentina due to fascism. She researched polio and traveled to learn about Jonas Salk’s vaccine in 1956. Upon her return, she vaccinated her children and also inoculated herself in public to convince society of the benefits of the vaccine. She was a researcher at Conicet and worked at the Malbrán Institute.
● 2016. The ultimate dream of Argentine tennis comes true by winning the Davis Cup. In a memorable final, the national team turns the series around against Croatia in Zagreb. Sunday’s matchday starts 2 to 1 in favor of the locals after their victory in the doubles on Saturday. Argentina is obliged to win both points. Juan Martín del Potro defeats Marin Čilić after being two sets down. And then Federico Delbonis beats Ivo Karlović in straight sets. The team led by Daniel Orsanic played as a visitor the four series that they had to face to raise the much prized silver salad bowl.
In addition, it is the Social Security Worker’s Day, for the anniversary of the creation of the Secretary of Labor and Social Security, on November 27, 1943.
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Today’s ephemeris: what happened on November 27 | Events that occurred in Argentina and the world