Today’s ephemeris: What is commemorated on July 27 and what things happened on an equal date?

There are events and events that they are capable of marking a before and after in historywhich are known as ephemeris. Both in Chile and in the world, an important milestone for society occurs every day.

The July 27th is no exception. A day like today commemorate different events, whether they are births or deaths of people, technological advances or political events.

This date falls on Wednesday on this occasion and, in the year 1921, it was on this date that scientists Frederick Grant Banting and Charles Best managed to isolate for the first time in history the hormone insulin, secreted by the pancreas to control blood sugar.

  • 1813: The Government Board, the Senate and the Cabildo agree on the creation of the National Institute, together with the Seminary, and an Education Board is created.
  • 1840: Manuel Montt is appointed Minister of the Interior.

  • 1865: The first reform to the monopolistic Constitution of 1833 is carried out, authorizing freedom of worship throughout the national territory.

  • 1928: The President-elect of Paraguay pays a visit to our country and is received with great enthusiasm.

  • 1928: The Railways establish a home parcel, baggage and cargo service.

  • 1931: After the resignation of Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, a new Government was constituted.

  • 1959: The epic poem “La Araucana” by Alonso de Ercilla y Zuñiga is published, based on the struggle between the Spanish and natives of Chile.

  • 1972: The Assembly of the People of Concepción is held, an experience of popular power Organized by a large part of the Left, an act rejected by the Communist Party of Chile and Salvador Allende himself.

  • 1973: A right-wing terrorist group assassinates Arturo Araya Peeters, naval aide to President Salvador Allende.

  • 2004: In San José (Costa Rica) a security guard takes over the Chilean embassy, ​​shoots three Chilean officials to death and commits suicide.

  • 1694: Foundation of the Bank of England.

  • 1768: The British doctor William Heberden exposes in the Royal College of Physicians (England) the mechanism of angina pectoris.

  • 1794: The Fall of Robespierre occurs, within the framework of the French Revolution, which leads to a coup against the government and the execution by guillotine without trial of Robespierre and his allies. This fact will put an end to the most radical stage of the French Revolution, called ‘the Terror’.

  • 1919: A series of racial riots begin in Chicago (United States), within apartheid, which will end a week later with 38 African-Americans murdered by white-skinned citizens.

  • 1921: Scientists Frederick Grant Banting and Charles Best succeed in isolating the hormone insulin for the first time in history.

  • 1931: The Geneva Convention relative to the treatment of prisoners of war is signed in Geneva (Switzerland).

  • 1934: The French socialist and communist parties sign in Paris (France) a pact of unity of action against fascism.

  • 1949: The Havilland DH.106 Comet model aircraft makes its first flight. It is the first commercial jet aircraft, marking the beginning of a new era in civil aviation.

  • 1953: The Korean War ends with the signing of an armistice between the United States, North Korea, and China. South Korea only remains as an observant member by refusing to sign the armistice.

  • 1972: In Argentina, the College of Graduates in Anthropology (CGA) is constituted in Assembly, and this date is established to celebrate the Day of the Anthropologist every year.

  • 1989: Korean Air Flight 803 crashed while trying to land in Tripoli, Libya.

  • 2002: A group of explorers led by Jacek Palkiewicz declare that they have found El Dorado, the mythical Inca city of Paititi hidden in the jungle, in an area near the Manu National Park in Peru.

  • 2012: Opening of the 2012 London Olympics.

  • 604: Fatima az-Zahra, Arab woman of great importance in Islam, daughter of the Prophet Muhammad.

  • 1667: Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician.

  • 1734: Sophie of France, French princess.

  • 1740: Jeanne Baret, French botanist, first woman to circumnavigate the world.

  • 1777: Thomas Campbell, British poet.

  • 1834: Miguel Grau Seminario, military man and Peruvian national hero.

  • 1835: Giosuè Carducci, Italian poet, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1906.

  • 1881: Hans Fischer, German chemist and physician, Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1930.

  • 1893? Nina Petrova, Soviet sniper.

  • 1919: Jack Goody, British social anthropologist and Africanist.

  • 1932: Fernando Farías, Chilean actor.

  • 1938: Gary Gygax, American game designer and writer.

  • 1948: Betty Thomas, American actress and filmmaker.

  • 1957: Matt Osborne, American professional wrestler.

  • 1968: Jorge Salinas, Mexican actor.

  • 1969: Paul Levesque (Triple H), American professional wrestler.

  • 1977: Alessandro Grandoni, Italian soccer player.

  • 1982: Johana Bahamón, Colombian actress and activist.

  • 1989: Francisco Sousa dos Santos, Brazilian soccer player.

  • 1990: Cheyenne Kimball, American singer.

  • 1993: Jordan Spieth, American golfer.

  • 1844: John Dalton, British chemist, physicist and mathematician.

  • 1903? Lina Sandell, Swedish poet and gospel hymn writer

  • 1917: Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1909.

  • 1962: Richard Aldington, British writer and poet.

  • 1965: Daniel-Rops, French writer and historian

  • 1981: William Wyler, American filmmaker.

  • 2013: Santiago Santamaría, Argentine soccer player.

  • 2015: Abdul Kalam, Indian politician, President of India from 2002 to 2007.

  • 2019: John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel laureate in physics in 1972.

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    Today’s ephemeris: What is commemorated on July 27 and what things happened on an equal date?