Urgent peace truce in the world

“Blessed are the peacemakers…”.

Sermon on the Mount (Mt.5,1;7,28)

According to the adage “if you want peace prepare for war”, attributed to Flavio Vegetius Renato, compiler of the “Epitoma Rei Militaris”, written in the fourth century and widely copied and printed for the first time in 1473 in Utrecht, sovereigns and republics they dogmatically accepted that the state of war was the only guarantee to keep the peace.

Thanks to the ethical reinsertion of human rights, this conception would begin to crack from the peaceful actions of Mahatma Gandhi and thanks to the reflection of women and men who were recognized as pacifists.

The 1992 Nobel Peace Prize winner, the Guatemalan Quiche Rigoberta Menchú, is credited with having broken that false militarist paradigm by stating that “peace is not only the absence of war; As long as there is poverty, racism, discrimination and exclusion, it will be difficult for us to achieve a world of peace”, as the winner pointed out before the audience that attended the reception that year in Stockholm.

In this vein, a series of reflections and declarations began, the outcome of which led to conceiving peace not as the absence of war, but as the “supreme guarantee of the exercise of human rights”, betting on the universality of said guarantee and thus giving certainty to the pursuit of happiness enunciated from the adoption of the basic rights of the people that are collected in fundamental texts to the Modern State such as the Declaration of Rights of the Good People of Virginia (1776) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen of the French Revolution (1789).

The deepening of this line of thought leads us to assume that the natural territory of human rights is the body and life of each inhabitant of the planet and that, for this reason, the only right that can differentiate us is that of having a nationality, it is that is, to be part of a nation-state by birth, adoption or by necessity of survival.

It is evident that for many States the principle of the universality and individual extraterritoriality of basic rights is not desirable, since their existence is based on the territory that brings together by birth, language and common laws the people that inhabit that territory, and that only Thus, the principle conceived since 1576 by Jean Bodin is fulfilled, that is, that Sovereignty is the political root that must be defended against external interference and internal revolts that may affect it.

And it is obvious and evident that the principle of Vegetius is essential to support a militarization scheme in order to maintain “peace” based on the unstoppable arms industry that self-interestedly complies with the apothegm of the old Roman military.

Breaking with the pernicious principle of preparing for war in order to sustain peace is the reason that encouraged President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to propose to Pope Francis, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Damodardas Modi, and the Secretary General of the UN, António Guterres, deepen the mechanisms of dialogue between States in order to collectively assume a truce that in 5 years suspends all kinds of military and economic hostilities in order to meet the urgent needs that the inhabitants of the planet have after the Covid-19 pandemic and its unfortunate consequences for the world economy, to which were added the Russian aggression against Ukraine and the tensions that are registered in the Far East, in the Mediterranean and in other latitudes of the planet.

The urgency of this call to stop the militarization of the planet is the product of the deepening and understanding of the Mexican Executive, true architect of peace as a product of justice, and it is a truce that entrusts Foreign Minister Ebrard and the Ambassador to the UN, Ramón de la Fuente, whose titanic work will require unwavering perseverance, in accordance with our historical pacifist position in world diplomacy: this involves us and commits all the members of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to support with tenacity and conviction this necessary truce that requires of a diplomatic corps defending peace with social justice for the good of humanity.

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Urgent peace truce in the world